Arts, Volume 9, Issue 4 (December 2020) – 34 articles
Cover Story (view full-size image): Votive ibis mummies from Cemetery E at Abydos, Egypt, survive in enormous numbers, representing an extraordinary manifestation of personal piety deposited over an extended time period. The ibis, considered an avatar of Thoth, the god of wisdom and writing, acted as a vessel through which earthly man could communicate with the divine. Forming part of a Special Issue on animals in ancient material cultures, this paper explores how archival methods and visual examination, coupled with state-of-the-art scientific techniques, can illuminate our current understanding of the natural environment, religious belief systems, and production technologies in the ancient world. View this paper
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