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Autochthonous Human and Canine Strongyloides stercoralis Infection in Europe: Report of a Human Case in An Italian Teen and Systematic Review of the Literature
Article

The Global Prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis Infection

1
Department of Infectious, Tropical Diseases and Microbiology, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar, 37024 Verona, Italy
2
RTI International, Washington, DC 20005, USA
3
Epidemiology and Public Health Division, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
4
Centre for Experimental Medicine & Rheumatology, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts & The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK
5
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland
6
University of Basel, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland
7
Division of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Epidemiology, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2B2, Canada
8
Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
9
Department of Diagnostics and Public Health, University of Verona, 37129 Verona, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to this work.
Received: 8 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 10 June 2020 / Published: 13 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prevalence of Strongyloidiasis and Schistosomiasis)
Strongyloidiasis is a common neglected tropical disease in tropical and sub-tropical climatic zones. At the worldwide level, there is high uncertainty about the strongyloidiasis burden. This uncertainty represents an important knowledge gap since it affects the planning of interventions to reduce the burden of strongyloidiasis in endemic countries. This study aimed to estimate the global strongyloidiasis prevalence. A literature review was performed to obtain prevalence data from endemic countries at a worldwide level from 1990 to 2016. For each study, the true population prevalence was calculated by accounting for the specificity and the sensitivity of testing and age of tested individuals. Prediction of strongyloidiasis prevalence for each country was performed using a spatiotemporal statistical modeling approach. The country prevalence obtained from the model was used to estimate the number of infected people per country. We estimate the global prevalence of strongyloidiasis in 2017 to be 8.1% (95% CI: 4.2–12.4%), corresponding to 613.9 (95% CI: 313.1–910.1) million people infected. The South-East Asia, African, and Western Pacific Regions accounted for 76.1% of the global infections. Our results could be used to identify those countries in which strongyloidiasis prevalence is highest and where mass drug administration (MDA) should be deployed for its prevention and control. View Full-Text
Keywords: strongyloides; strongyloidiasis; prevalence; epidemiology strongyloides; strongyloidiasis; prevalence; epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Buonfrate, D.; Bisanzio, D.; Giorli, G.; Odermatt, P.; Fürst, T.; Greenaway, C.; French, M.; Reithinger, R.; Gobbi, F.; Montresor, A.; Bisoffi, Z. The Global Prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis Infection. Pathogens 2020, 9, 468. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/pathogens9060468

AMA Style

Buonfrate D, Bisanzio D, Giorli G, Odermatt P, Fürst T, Greenaway C, French M, Reithinger R, Gobbi F, Montresor A, Bisoffi Z. The Global Prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis Infection. Pathogens. 2020; 9(6):468. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/pathogens9060468

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buonfrate, Dora, Donal Bisanzio, Giovanni Giorli, Peter Odermatt, Thomas Fürst, Christina Greenaway, Michael French, Richard Reithinger, Federico Gobbi, Antonio Montresor, and Zeno Bisoffi. 2020. "The Global Prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis Infection" Pathogens 9, no. 6: 468. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/pathogens9060468

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