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Article

Autonomous Vehicles and Vulnerable Road-Users—Important Considerations and Requirements Based on Crash Data from Two Countries

1
Transport Safety Research Centre, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
2
Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland (CARS-Q), Brisbane 4000, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott D. Lane
Received: 2 June 2021 / Revised: 6 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 July 2021 / Published: 15 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Road Crash Injury and Driver Behavior)
(1) Background: Passenger vehicles equipped with advanced driver-assistance system (ADAS) functionalities are becoming more prevalent within vehicle fleets. However, the full effects of offering such systems, which may allow for drivers to become less than 100% engaged with the task of driving, may have detrimental impacts on other road-users, particularly vulnerable road-users, for a variety of reasons. (2) Crash data were analysed in two countries (Great Britain and Australia) to examine some challenging traffic scenarios that are prevalent in both countries and represent scenarios in which future connected and autonomous vehicles may be challenged in terms of safe manoeuvring. (3) Road intersections are currently very common locations for vulnerable road-user accidents; traffic flows and road-user behaviours at intersections can be unpredictable, with many vehicles behaving inconsistently (e.g., red-light running and failure to stop or give way), and many vulnerable road-users taking unforeseen risks. (4) Conclusions: The challenges of unpredictable vulnerable road-user behaviour at intersections (including road-users violating traffic or safe-crossing signals, or taking other risks) combined with the lack of knowledge of CAV responses to intersection rules, could be problematic. This could be further compounded by changes to nonverbal communication that currently exist between road-users, which could become more challenging once CAVs become more widespread. View Full-Text
Keywords: vulnerable road-user; connected and autonomous vehicles; road intersections; crash data vulnerable road-user; connected and autonomous vehicles; road intersections; crash data
MDPI and ACS Style

Morris, A.P.; Haworth, N.; Filtness, A.; Nguatem, D.-P.A.; Brown, L.; Rakotonirainy, A.; Glaser, S. Autonomous Vehicles and Vulnerable Road-Users—Important Considerations and Requirements Based on Crash Data from Two Countries. Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 101. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070101

AMA Style

Morris AP, Haworth N, Filtness A, Nguatem D-PA, Brown L, Rakotonirainy A, Glaser S. Autonomous Vehicles and Vulnerable Road-Users—Important Considerations and Requirements Based on Crash Data from Two Countries. Behavioral Sciences. 2021; 11(7):101. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070101

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morris, Andrew P., Narelle Haworth, Ashleigh Filtness, Daryl-Palma A. Nguatem, Laurie Brown, Andry Rakotonirainy, and Sebastien Glaser. 2021. "Autonomous Vehicles and Vulnerable Road-Users—Important Considerations and Requirements Based on Crash Data from Two Countries" Behavioral Sciences 11, no. 7: 101. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070101

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