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Review

How to Intervene in the Health Management of the Oncological Patient and of Their Caregiver? A Narrative Review in the Psycho-Oncology Field

1
Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology, University of Padua, 35131 Padua, Italy
2
Unit of Surgical Oncology of the Esophagus and Digestive Tract, Veneto Institute of Oncology, 35128 Padua, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott D. Lane
Received: 6 June 2021 / Revised: 5 July 2021 / Accepted: 6 July 2021 / Published: 9 July 2021
Starting from statistical data derived from the oncological field, some articles have highlighted the importance of communication in the patient–caregiver dyad and have considered the various roles involved in a cancer diagnosis situation. Thus, the question of how to intervene in terms of “quality of life” from the time of diagnosis to the recovery or death of a cancer patient, beyond the sanitary and physical dimensions, has become relevant. Therefore, the present narrative review aims to offer an overview of the state of the art in terms of the psychological treatment modalities of cancer patients, from the diagnosis to the post-surgery period. A total of 67 articles were collected and analyzed, in relation to (1) psychological constructs employed in the oncological field, (2) intervention models and (3) quality of life and well-being measurement and evaluation tools. We described these articles, differentiating between those focusing on the role of (1) the patient, (2) the caregiver, (3) the patient–caregiver dyad and (4) healthcare professional roles. The oncological diagnosis and its repercussions in the lives of the patient and caregiver were explored and critical aspects that emerged from the literature were highlighted. In conclusion, the analysis allowed some considerations about the need to define research protocols and useful management strategies for increasing the overall health of patients with cancer diagnoses and the people who surround them. View Full-Text
Keywords: oncology; health; caregiver; psycho-oncology; psychological support; healthcare; quality of life; health management; cancer; community oncology; health; caregiver; psycho-oncology; psychological support; healthcare; quality of life; health management; cancer; community
MDPI and ACS Style

Turchi, G.P.; Dalla Riva, M.S.; Orrù, L.; Pinto, E. How to Intervene in the Health Management of the Oncological Patient and of Their Caregiver? A Narrative Review in the Psycho-Oncology Field. Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 99. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070099

AMA Style

Turchi GP, Dalla Riva MS, Orrù L, Pinto E. How to Intervene in the Health Management of the Oncological Patient and of Their Caregiver? A Narrative Review in the Psycho-Oncology Field. Behavioral Sciences. 2021; 11(7):99. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070099

Chicago/Turabian Style

Turchi, Gian P., Marta S. Dalla Riva, Luisa Orrù, and Eleonora Pinto. 2021. "How to Intervene in the Health Management of the Oncological Patient and of Their Caregiver? A Narrative Review in the Psycho-Oncology Field" Behavioral Sciences 11, no. 7: 99. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070099

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