Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Advancements in the Statistical Study, Modeling, and Simulation of Microwave-Links in Cellular Backhaul Networks
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Capitalizing on Cellular Technology—Opportunities and Challenges for Near Ground Weather Monitoring
Article

Vertical Precipitation Estimation Using Microwave Links in Conjunction with Weather Radar

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel
2
Department of Geosciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 19 June 2018 / Accepted: 20 June 2018 / Published: 23 June 2018
When monitoring rain rates by weather radar in semi-arid regions and when measuring precipitation at an arid region; precipitation particles, rain, or snowflakes may evaporate before reaching the ground. This evaporation is regarded as the Virga phenomenon and may cause a false representation of the precipitation amount that actually reaches the ground. The Virga occurs naturally when the air below the cloud is relatively dry, and continues until humidity below the base of the cloud is high enough to decrease the evaporation. This paper suggests a method of combining near ground Commercial Microwave Links (CMLs) attenuation measurements, in conjunction with data from several weather radar beams, observing different heights, in order to produce estimates of the vertical profile of the rain-rate values and of the Cloud Base level (ClB). We propose an estimation method and demonstrate it using real-data measurements of two major storm events in the dead-sea area. We verify the validity of the estimation near ground by comparing the results with Rain Gauges’ (RGs) actual measurements in addition to comparing the estimated ClB with real ClB observations of a nearby weather station. While the storm events selected indeed show great evaporation, the suggested method provides excellent results, with a correlation of up to 0.9615, when correlated with real measurements of RGs of two storms from 2014 to 2016. View Full-Text
Keywords: precipitation estimation; commercial microwave links; Virga; cloud base level; rain evaporation; arid regions precipitation estimation; commercial microwave links; Virga; cloud base level; rain evaporation; arid regions
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Raich, R.; Alpert, P.; Messer, H. Vertical Precipitation Estimation Using Microwave Links in Conjunction with Weather Radar. Environments 2018, 5, 74. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments5070074

AMA Style

Raich R, Alpert P, Messer H. Vertical Precipitation Estimation Using Microwave Links in Conjunction with Weather Radar. Environments. 2018; 5(7):74. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments5070074

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raich, Roi, Pinhas Alpert, and Hagit Messer. 2018. "Vertical Precipitation Estimation Using Microwave Links in Conjunction with Weather Radar" Environments 5, no. 7: 74. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments5070074

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop