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Brief Report

Public Participation in Biodiversity Impact Assessment in the State of West Bengal, India: Present Status and Finding Ways for Improvement

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Department of Environment, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata 7000106, India
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School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technische Universität Dresden, 01069 Dresden, Germany
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Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Landscape Change and Management, Weberplatz 1, 01217 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuel Duarte Pinheiro
Received: 4 March 2021 / Revised: 18 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 26 April 2021
The present status of public participation in EIA particularly concerning biodiversity in West Bengal, India was studied. The issues raised in 50 public hearings were analyzed and chapters on biodiversity in 20 EIA reports were studied. Areas needing improvement were identified. Scientific literature was studied to gather best practices/concepts. It was observed that, despite all enabling legal provisions, public participation in EIA has not grown to its full potential. The discussion was mostly on jobs and benefits (and little on biodiversity impact). EIA reports did not provide any spatial information on biodiversity-rich/sensitive areas or impact on bio-resources that are used by people. We identified four pillars of effective public participation in EIA as: (i) institutional opportunity and conducive environment for participation; (ii) interest of local people to participate; (iii) capacity building of local people; and, (iv) support of clearance process. Specific recommendations under each are provided. A simple matrix for Biodiversity Impact Assessment and a list of components for the improvement of biodiversity, for use of local people, have been developed. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental impact assessment (EIA); biodiversity offsets; public participation; local people environmental impact assessment (EIA); biodiversity offsets; public participation; local people
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chakraborty, R.; Lindner, A.; Wende, W. Public Participation in Biodiversity Impact Assessment in the State of West Bengal, India: Present Status and Finding Ways for Improvement. Environments 2021, 8, 39. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8050039

AMA Style

Chakraborty R, Lindner A, Wende W. Public Participation in Biodiversity Impact Assessment in the State of West Bengal, India: Present Status and Finding Ways for Improvement. Environments. 2021; 8(5):39. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8050039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chakraborty, Rajarshi, Andre Lindner, and Wolfgang Wende. 2021. "Public Participation in Biodiversity Impact Assessment in the State of West Bengal, India: Present Status and Finding Ways for Improvement" Environments 8, no. 5: 39. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8050039

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