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Article

Screening of Pioneer Metallophyte Plant Species with Phytoremediation Potential at a Severely Contaminated Hg and As Mining Site

1
INDUROT & Environmental Biogeochemistry and Raw Materials Group, University of Oviedo, C/Gonzalo Gutiérrez Quirós s/n, 33600 Mieres, Asturias, Spain
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Department of Organisms and Systems Biology, University of Oviedo, Calle Cat. José María Serrano, 10, 33006 Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vernon Hodge and Gianniantonio Petruzzelli
Received: 13 May 2021 / Revised: 28 June 2021 / Accepted: 4 July 2021 / Published: 5 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Nutrient Dynamics and Plant Response)
Phytoremediation of mine soils contaminated by potentially toxic elements (PTEs) requires the use of tolerant plants given the specific conditions of toxicity in the altered soil ecosystems. In this sense, a survey was conducted in an ancient Hg-mining area named “El Terronal” (Asturias, Spain) which is severely affected by PTE contamination (As, Hg, Pb) to obtain an inventory of the spontaneous natural vegetation. A detailed habitat classification was performed and a specific index of coverage was applied after a one-year quadrat study in various sampling stations; seven species were finally selected (Agrostis tenuis, Betula celtiberica, Calluna vulgaris, Dactylis glomerata, Plantago lanceolata, Salix atrocinerea and Trifolium repens). A total of 21 samples (3 per plant) of the soil–plant system were collected and analyzed for the available and total concentrations of contaminants in soil and plants (roots and aerial parts). Most of the studied plant species were classified as non-accumulating plants, with particular exceptions as Calluna vulgaris for Pb and Dactylis glomerata for As. Overall, the results revealed interest for phytoremediation treatments, especially phytostabilization, as most of the plants studied were classified as excluder metallophytes. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytoremediation; soil contamination; potentially toxic elements; native plants; phytostabilization phytoremediation; soil contamination; potentially toxic elements; native plants; phytostabilization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matanzas, N.; Afif, E.; Díaz, T.E.; Gallego, J.L.R. Screening of Pioneer Metallophyte Plant Species with Phytoremediation Potential at a Severely Contaminated Hg and As Mining Site. Environments 2021, 8, 63. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8070063

AMA Style

Matanzas N, Afif E, Díaz TE, Gallego JLR. Screening of Pioneer Metallophyte Plant Species with Phytoremediation Potential at a Severely Contaminated Hg and As Mining Site. Environments. 2021; 8(7):63. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8070063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matanzas, Nora, Elías Afif, Tomás E. Díaz, and José L.R. Gallego 2021. "Screening of Pioneer Metallophyte Plant Species with Phytoremediation Potential at a Severely Contaminated Hg and As Mining Site" Environments 8, no. 7: 63. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8070063

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