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Article

Estimating Health Impacts Due to the Reduction of Particulate Air Pollution from the Household Sector Expected under Various Scenarios

1
European Clean Air Centre, 31-104 Cracow, Poland
2
Department of Climatology and Atmosphere Protection, University of Wroclaw, 51-621 Wroclaw, Poland
3
Department of Informatics and Environmental Quality Research, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-653 Warsaw, Poland
4
Foundation # 13 Center for Climate Change and Sustainable Development, 03-137 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
Emissions from the household sector are the most significant source of air pollution in Poland, one of the most polluted countries in the EU. Estimated health impacts of the reduction of these emissions under three scenarios are presented. The EMEP4PL model and base year emission inventory were used to estimate average annual PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations with spatial resolution of 4 km × 4 km. The change in emissions under each of the scenarios was based on data from a survey on household boilers and insulation. Scenario 1 included replacement of all poor-quality coal-fired boilers with gas boilers; Scenario 2 included replacement of all poor-quality coal-fired boilers with low-emission boilers but still using solid fuels; and Scenario 3 included the thermal refurbishment of houses with the worst insulation. Impacts on the following health parameters were estimated: premature deaths (PD), Chronic Bronchitis (CB), Bronchitis in Children (BiC) and Work Days Lost (WDL). The concentration–response functions recommended by the WHO HRAPIE project were used. The analysis was conducted for two regions: Lower Silesia and Lodzkie province. The largest reduction of health impact was observed for Scenario 1. For Lower Silesia, the annual PD decreased by 1122 (34.3%), CB by 1516 (26.6%), BiC by 9602 (27.7%) and WDL by 481k (34.7%). For Lodzkie province, the largest impacts were estimated as decreases in PD by 1438 (29.9%), CB by 1502 (25.3%), BiC by 9880 (26.8%) and WDL by 669k (30.4%). View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution scenario reductions; health impact assessment; household emission sector air pollution scenario reductions; health impact assessment; household emission sector
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adamkiewicz, Ł.; Kryza, M.; Mucha, D.; Werner, M.; Gayer, A.; Drzeniecka-Osiadacz, A.; Sawiński, T. Estimating Health Impacts Due to the Reduction of Particulate Air Pollution from the Household Sector Expected under Various Scenarios. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 272. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/app11010272

AMA Style

Adamkiewicz Ł, Kryza M, Mucha D, Werner M, Gayer A, Drzeniecka-Osiadacz A, Sawiński T. Estimating Health Impacts Due to the Reduction of Particulate Air Pollution from the Household Sector Expected under Various Scenarios. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(1):272. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/app11010272

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adamkiewicz, Łukasz, Maciej Kryza, Dominika Mucha, Małgorzata Werner, Anna Gayer, Anetta Drzeniecka-Osiadacz, and Tymoteusz Sawiński. 2021. "Estimating Health Impacts Due to the Reduction of Particulate Air Pollution from the Household Sector Expected under Various Scenarios" Applied Sciences 11, no. 1: 272. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/app11010272

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