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Article

Motivation to Have COVID-19 Vaccination Explained Using an Extended Protection Motivation Theory among University Students in China: The Role of Information Sources

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Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health & Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, China
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Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
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Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
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Department of Public Health, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
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School of Education Science, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000, China
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Key Laboratory of Applied Cognition & Personality, Fujian Province University, Zhangzhou 363000, China
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International College, Krirk University, Bangkok 10220, Thailand
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Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG1 4FQ, UK
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Department of Nursing, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, 55318 Jönköping, Sweden
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tiziana Ramaci and Massimiliano Barattucci
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 9 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccination and Compliance/Hesitancy)
Background: The aims of the present study were to examine the prediction of the threat and coping appraisal utilizing an extended protection motivation theory (PMT) for the motivation to have COVID-19 vaccination and the influence of various information sources on coping appraisal among university students in China. Methods: The sample comprised 3145 students from 43 universities in China who completed an online survey including PMT constructs as well as constructs added to PMT. The PMT constructs comprised motivation to have COVID-19 vaccination, threat appraisal, and coping appraisal. The extended PMT constructs comprised knowledge about mechanisms and information sources of COVID-19 vaccination. Results: Perceived severity of COVID-19 was positively associated with motivation to have COVID-19 vaccination. Receiving information concerning COVID-19 vaccination from medical personnel was associated with greater self-efficacy, response efficacy, and knowledge, whereas receiving information concerning COVID-19 vaccination from coworkers/colleagues was associated with less response efficacy and knowledge. Receiving online information concerning COVID-19 vaccination was associated with greater response cost of vaccination efficacy and less knowledge. Conclusions: This study supported the prediction of perceived severity in the PMT for motivation to have COVID-19 vaccination among university students in China. Vaccination information sources have different effects on students’ coping appraisal of COVID-19 vaccination. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; vaccination; protection motivation theory; motivation; information sources COVID-19; vaccination; protection motivation theory; motivation; information sources
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, P.-W.; Ahorsu, D.K.; Lin, C.-Y.; Chen, I.-H.; Yen, C.-F.; Kuo, Y.-J.; Griffiths, M.D.; Pakpour, A.H. Motivation to Have COVID-19 Vaccination Explained Using an Extended Protection Motivation Theory among University Students in China: The Role of Information Sources. Vaccines 2021, 9, 380. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vaccines9040380

AMA Style

Wang P-W, Ahorsu DK, Lin C-Y, Chen I-H, Yen C-F, Kuo Y-J, Griffiths MD, Pakpour AH. Motivation to Have COVID-19 Vaccination Explained Using an Extended Protection Motivation Theory among University Students in China: The Role of Information Sources. Vaccines. 2021; 9(4):380. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vaccines9040380

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Peng-Wei, Daniel K. Ahorsu, Chung-Ying Lin, I-Hua Chen, Cheng-Fang Yen, Yi-Jie Kuo, Mark D. Griffiths, and Amir H. Pakpour 2021. "Motivation to Have COVID-19 Vaccination Explained Using an Extended Protection Motivation Theory among University Students in China: The Role of Information Sources" Vaccines 9, no. 4: 380. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vaccines9040380

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