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Suspension Fertilizers: How to Reconcile Sustainable Fertilization and Environmental Protection

1
Fertilizers Research Group, Łukasiewicz Research Network—New Chemical Syntheses Institute, Al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 13a, 24-110 Puławy, Poland
2
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Carlo Barbera
Received: 23 September 2021 / Revised: 8 October 2021 / Accepted: 12 October 2021 / Published: 15 October 2021
Due to the growing world population, the challenge for the agriculture industry is to produce the right amount of food. This is not possible without the use of fertilizers. Unfortunately, apart from having a positive effect on the yield parameters, they can also adversely affect the natural environment. The use of fertilizers in excess or in a poorly digestible form causes the migration of fertilizer components beyond the reach of the plant root system. In this way, nutrients enter the groundwater, surface water and the atmosphere, contaminating them. The consequence of such actions is further climate warming and the deterioration of water status and air quality. Suspension fertilizers are an interesting proposition that meets the requirements of modern agriculture. They combine the advantages of liquid and solid fertilizers. The liquid form ensures better digestibility of the nutrients, especially in periods of drought, and the concentration of the ingredients is comparable to that of solid fertilizers. At the same time, production costs are lower, which is related to the simplification of the technological process and the possibility of using cheaper raw materials. A valuable advantage of fertilizer suspension is the possibility of using hydrated waste substances in their production. View Full-Text
Keywords: fertilizer; fertilization; recycling; waste management; sustainable agriculture; circular economy fertilizer; fertilization; recycling; waste management; sustainable agriculture; circular economy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bogusz, P.; Rusek, P.; Brodowska, M.S. Suspension Fertilizers: How to Reconcile Sustainable Fertilization and Environmental Protection. Agriculture 2021, 11, 1008. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11101008

AMA Style

Bogusz P, Rusek P, Brodowska MS. Suspension Fertilizers: How to Reconcile Sustainable Fertilization and Environmental Protection. Agriculture. 2021; 11(10):1008. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11101008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bogusz, Paulina, Piotr Rusek, and Marzena S. Brodowska 2021. "Suspension Fertilizers: How to Reconcile Sustainable Fertilization and Environmental Protection" Agriculture 11, no. 10: 1008. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11101008

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