Next Article in Journal
Application of Novel Microorganism-Based Formulations as Alternative to the Use of Iron Chelates in Strawberry Cultivation
Next Article in Special Issue
Prediction of Food Production Using Machine Learning Algorithms of Multilayer Perceptron and ANFIS
Previous Article in Journal
Natural and Managed Grasslands Productivity during Multiyear in Ex-Arable Lands (in the Context of Climate Change)
Article

German Farmers’ Attitudes on Adopting Autonomous Field Robots: An Empirical Survey

Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Georg-August-University of Göttingen, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Selma Boumerdassi, Eric Renault and Christopher Robin Bryant
Received: 9 February 2021 / Revised: 25 February 2021 / Accepted: 26 February 2021 / Published: 6 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Advances for Smart and Sustainable Agriculture)
Agricultural production methods in Europe are increasingly subject to public criticism from which many farmers suffer. This applies, among other areas, to the widespread use of pesticides. Autonomous field robots (AFR), as the next stage of agricultural automation, have the potential to farm more intensively and, at the same time, in a more environmentally friendly way. However, a certain skepticism towards autonomous systems is suspected among farmers. Whether farmers adopt a technology depends largely on their uncertainty about the consequences of its use and the resulting attitude on the adoption. In order to quantify the attitude on adopting AFR in Germany and to identify possible group differences within the population, 490 German farmers were surveyed using an online questionnaire, which is based on an extended version of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). In the subsequent cluster analysis, the statements inquiring the intention to use AFR served as cluster-forming variables. As a result, three groups (“open-minded AFR supporters”, “convinced AFR adopters”, “reserved AFR interested”) could be identified according to their response behavior. Despite existing group differences, an overall attitude in favor of autonomous field robots was observed. The results complement the existing research with a further empirical study and provide interesting starting points for further analysis, field robot manufacturers, and political decision makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: adoption; autonomous; cluster analysis; farmer; Germany; robot; technology adoption; autonomous; cluster analysis; farmer; Germany; robot; technology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rübcke von Veltheim, F.; Heise, H. German Farmers’ Attitudes on Adopting Autonomous Field Robots: An Empirical Survey. Agriculture 2021, 11, 216. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11030216

AMA Style

Rübcke von Veltheim F, Heise H. German Farmers’ Attitudes on Adopting Autonomous Field Robots: An Empirical Survey. Agriculture. 2021; 11(3):216. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11030216

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rübcke von Veltheim, Friedrich, and Heinke Heise. 2021. "German Farmers’ Attitudes on Adopting Autonomous Field Robots: An Empirical Survey" Agriculture 11, no. 3: 216. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11030216

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop