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Article

Levels of Firmicutes, Actinobacteria Phyla and Lactobacillaceae Family on the Skin Surface of Broiler Chickens (Ross 308) Depending on the Nutritional Supplement and the Housing Conditions

1
Institute of Animal Breeding, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Management, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: István Komlósi
Received: 22 February 2021 / Revised: 23 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Poultry: Breeding, Health, Nutrition, and Management)
The microbiome of animals, both in the digestive tract and in the skin, plays an important role in protecting the host. The skin is one of the largest surface organs for animals; therefore, the destabilization of the microbiota on its surface can increase the risk of diseases that may adversely affect animals’ health and production rates, including poultry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nutritional supplementation in the form of fermented rapeseed meal and housing conditions on the level of selected bacteria phyla (Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, and family Lactobacillaceae). The study was performed on 30 specimens of broiler chickens (Ross 308), individually kept in metabolic cages for 36 days. They were divided into 5 groups depending on the feed received. On day 36, skin swabs were individually collected. Temperature and humidity were measured in the room. The temperature was measured every 2 days (18 measurements × 6 points). The results of Real-Time PCR analysis have shown a significant effect of the feed additive on the level of Firmicutes phylum on the skin. On the other hand, a variable level of the tested bacteria was shown depending on the location of the cages. The Firmicutes phylum and Lactobacillaceae family achieved the highest level in the top-window zone. However, in the case of the Actinobacteria phylum, the highest level was found at the top-door and middle-door zones. The obtained results suggest that the conditions in which animals live may affect the microbiota of their skin. View Full-Text
Keywords: skin microbiota; poultry; welfare; diet skin microbiota; poultry; welfare; diet
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cholewińska, P.; Michalak, M.; Wojnarowski, K.; Skowera, S.; Smoliński, J.; Czyż, K. Levels of Firmicutes, Actinobacteria Phyla and Lactobacillaceae Family on the Skin Surface of Broiler Chickens (Ross 308) Depending on the Nutritional Supplement and the Housing Conditions. Agriculture 2021, 11, 287. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11040287

AMA Style

Cholewińska P, Michalak M, Wojnarowski K, Skowera S, Smoliński J, Czyż K. Levels of Firmicutes, Actinobacteria Phyla and Lactobacillaceae Family on the Skin Surface of Broiler Chickens (Ross 308) Depending on the Nutritional Supplement and the Housing Conditions. Agriculture. 2021; 11(4):287. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11040287

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cholewińska, Paulina, Marta Michalak, Konrad Wojnarowski, Szymon Skowera, Jakub Smoliński, and Katarzyna Czyż. 2021. "Levels of Firmicutes, Actinobacteria Phyla and Lactobacillaceae Family on the Skin Surface of Broiler Chickens (Ross 308) Depending on the Nutritional Supplement and the Housing Conditions" Agriculture 11, no. 4: 287. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriculture11040287

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