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Advancing the Understanding of the Factor Structure of Executive Functioning

1
Department of Psychology, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh
2
Psychological Methods and Assessment, Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Leopoldstraße 13, 80802 Munich, Germany
3
Educational Science and Sport Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstraße 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 16 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue g and Its Underlying Executive Processes)
There has been considerable debate and interest regarding the factor structure of executive functioning (EF). Therefore, the aim of the current study was to delve into this issue differently, by investigating EF and other cognitive constructs, such as working memory capacity (WMC), relational integration, and divided attention, which may contribute to EF. Here, we examined whether it is possible to provide evidence for a definite model of EF containing the components of updating, shifting, and inhibition. For this purpose, 202 young adults completed a battery of EF, three WMC tests, three relational integration tests, and two divided attention tests. A confirmatory factor analysis on all the cognitive abilities produced a five-factor structure, which included one factor predominately containing shifting tasks, the next factor containing two updating tasks, the third one predominately representing WMC, the fourth factor consisting of relational integration and antisaccade tasks, and finally, the last factor consisting of the divided attention and stop signal tasks. Lastly, a subsequent hierarchical model supported a higher-order factor, thereby representing general cognitive ability. View Full-Text
Keywords: executive functioning; factor structure; task impurity; working memory capacity; relational integration; divided attention executive functioning; factor structure; task impurity; working memory capacity; relational integration; divided attention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Himi, S.A.; Bühner, M.; Hilbert, S. Advancing the Understanding of the Factor Structure of Executive Functioning. J. Intell. 2021, 9, 16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jintelligence9010016

AMA Style

Himi SA, Bühner M, Hilbert S. Advancing the Understanding of the Factor Structure of Executive Functioning. Journal of Intelligence. 2021; 9(1):16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jintelligence9010016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Himi, Samsad A., Markus Bühner, and Sven Hilbert. 2021. "Advancing the Understanding of the Factor Structure of Executive Functioning" Journal of Intelligence 9, no. 1: 16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jintelligence9010016

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