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Initial Evidence for the Hypersensitivity Hypothesis: Emotional Intelligence as a Magnifier of Emotional Experience
Article

Emotion Recognition from Realistic Dynamic Emotional Expressions Cohere with Established Emotion Recognition Tests: A Proof-of-Concept Validation of the Emotional Accuracy Test

1
Psychology Department, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 9190501, Israel
2
Department of Psychology, University of Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany
3
Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, 1001 NK Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 December 2020 / Revised: 25 February 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Socio-Emotional Ability Research)
Individual differences in understanding other people’s emotions have typically been studied with recognition tests using prototypical emotional expressions. These tests have been criticized for the use of posed, prototypical displays, raising the question of whether such tests tell us anything about the ability to understand spontaneous, non-prototypical emotional expressions. Here, we employ the Emotional Accuracy Test (EAT), which uses natural emotional expressions and defines the recognition as the match between the emotion ratings of a target and a perceiver. In two preregistered studies (Ntotal = 231), we compared the performance on the EAT with two well-established tests of emotion recognition ability: the Geneva Emotion Recognition Test (GERT) and the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET). We found significant overlap (r > 0.20) between individuals’ performance in recognizing spontaneous emotions in naturalistic settings (EAT) and posed (or enacted) non-verbal measures of emotion recognition (GERT, RMET), even when controlling for individual differences in verbal IQ. On average, however, participants reported enjoying the EAT more than the other tasks. Thus, the current research provides a proof-of-concept validation of the EAT as a useful measure for testing the understanding of others’ emotions, a crucial feature of emotional intelligence. Further, our findings indicate that emotion recognition tests using prototypical expressions are valid proxies for measuring the understanding of others’ emotions in more realistic everyday contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: emotion recognition; emotional accuracy; empathy; individual differences emotion recognition; emotional accuracy; empathy; individual differences
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MDPI and ACS Style

Israelashvili, J.; Pauw, L.S.; Sauter, D.A.; Fischer, A.H. Emotion Recognition from Realistic Dynamic Emotional Expressions Cohere with Established Emotion Recognition Tests: A Proof-of-Concept Validation of the Emotional Accuracy Test. J. Intell. 2021, 9, 25. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jintelligence9020025

AMA Style

Israelashvili J, Pauw LS, Sauter DA, Fischer AH. Emotion Recognition from Realistic Dynamic Emotional Expressions Cohere with Established Emotion Recognition Tests: A Proof-of-Concept Validation of the Emotional Accuracy Test. Journal of Intelligence. 2021; 9(2):25. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jintelligence9020025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Israelashvili, Jacob, Lisanne S. Pauw, Disa A. Sauter, and Agneta H. Fischer 2021. "Emotion Recognition from Realistic Dynamic Emotional Expressions Cohere with Established Emotion Recognition Tests: A Proof-of-Concept Validation of the Emotional Accuracy Test" Journal of Intelligence 9, no. 2: 25. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jintelligence9020025

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