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Article

Aniba rosaeodora (Var. amazonica Ducke) Essential Oil: Chemical Composition, Antibacterial, Antioxidant and Antitrypanosomal Activity

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Pós-Graduação em Saúde do Adulto, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, 65080-805 São Luís, Brazil
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Laboratório de Imunomodulação e Protozoologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz, 21040-900 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Pós-graduação em Ciência Animal, Universidade Estadual do Maranhão, 65055-310 São Luís, Brazil
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Laboratório de Óleos Essenciais, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, 65065-545 São Luís, Brazil
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Laboratório de Controle de Qualidade de Alimentos e Água, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, 65065-545 São Luís, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 21 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils)
Aniba rosaeodora is one of the most widely used plants in the perfumery industry, being used as medicinal plant in the Brazilian Amazon. This work aimed to evaluate the chemical composition of A. rosaeodora essential oil and its biological activities. A. rosaeodora essential oil presented linalool (93.60%) as its major compound. The A. rosaeodora essential oil and linalool showed activity against all the bacteria strains tested, standard strains and marine environment bacteria, with the lower minimum inhibitory concentration being observed for S. aureus. An efficient antioxidant activity of A. rosaeodora essential oil and linalool (EC50: 15.46 and 6.78 µg/mL, respectively) was evidenced by the inhibition of the 2,2-azinobis- (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical. The antitrypanosomal activity of A. rosaeodora essential oil and linalool was observed at high concentrations against epimatigote forms (inhibitory concentration for 50% of parasites (IC50): 150.5 ± 1.08 and 198.6 ± 1.12 µg/mL, respectively), and even higher against intracellular amastigotes of T. cruzi (IC50: 911.6 ± 1.15 and 249.6 ± 1.18 µg/mL, respectively). Both A. rosaeodora essential oil and linalool did not exhibit a cytotoxic effect in BALB/c peritoneal macrophages, and both reduced nitrite levels in unstimulated cells revealing a potential effect in NO production. These data revealed the pharmacological potential of A. rosaeodora essential oil and linalool, encouraging further studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: rosewood; linalool; marine bacteria; ABTS; Trypanosoma cruzi; cytotoxicity; nitrite; nitric oxide rosewood; linalool; marine bacteria; ABTS; Trypanosoma cruzi; cytotoxicity; nitrite; nitric oxide
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MDPI and ACS Style

Teles, A.M.; Silva-Silva, J.V.; Fernandes, J.M.P.; Calabrese, K.d.S.; Abreu-Silva, A.L.; Marinho, S.C.; Mouchrek, A.N.; Filho, V.E.M.; Almeida-Souza, F. Aniba rosaeodora (Var. amazonica Ducke) Essential Oil: Chemical Composition, Antibacterial, Antioxidant and Antitrypanosomal Activity. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 24. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010024

AMA Style

Teles AM, Silva-Silva JV, Fernandes JMP, Calabrese KdS, Abreu-Silva AL, Marinho SC, Mouchrek AN, Filho VEM, Almeida-Souza F. Aniba rosaeodora (Var. amazonica Ducke) Essential Oil: Chemical Composition, Antibacterial, Antioxidant and Antitrypanosomal Activity. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(1):24. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Teles, Amanda M., João V. Silva-Silva, Juan M.P. Fernandes, Kátia d.S. Calabrese, Ana L. Abreu-Silva, Silvio C. Marinho, Adenilde N. Mouchrek, Victor E.M. Filho, and Fernando Almeida-Souza. 2021. "Aniba rosaeodora (Var. amazonica Ducke) Essential Oil: Chemical Composition, Antibacterial, Antioxidant and Antitrypanosomal Activity" Antibiotics 10, no. 1: 24. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010024

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