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Article

Understanding of Pharmacy Students towards Antibiotic Use, Antibiotic Resistance and Antibiotic Stewardship Programs: A Cross-Sectional Study from Punjab, Pakistan

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Department of Pharmacy Administration and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
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Center for Drug Safety and Policy Research, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
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Shaanxi Centre for Health Reform and Development Research, Xi’an 710061, China
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Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
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Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu 22200, Malaysia
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Qualitative Research-Methodological Application in Health Sciences Research Group, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan 25200, Malaysia
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Department of Pharmacy Administration, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS 38677, USA
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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Balochistan, Quetta 87900, Pakistan
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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is a significant issue for public health globally. An adequate understanding of ABR and the approaches used to tackle ABR, including antibiotic stewardship programs, are vital. This study aimed to get an insight into antibiotic use, ABR, and antibiotic stewardship programs among pharmacy students of Punjab, Pakistan. This multicenter study was undertaken among final (fifth) year undergraduate pharmacy students of 7 universities of Punjab, Pakistan. A paper-based self-administered questionnaire comprising 48-items was utilized for data collection. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed for data analysis. This study included a total of 296 respondents with a response rate of 85.8%. Most of the students had an average understanding of antibiotic use (59.8%), ABR (42.6%), ABR mechanisms (48.0%), and factors of ABR (51.7%). Only 21.6% of students have heard about antibiotic stewardship programs. More than half of the students believed that educating and training healthcare professionals (53.4%) and medical students (57.8%) about the prescribing and judicial usage of antibiotics could reduce the ABR burden. The awareness of most of the pharmacy students about certain aspects of antibiotic use, ABR, and stewardship programs was suboptimal. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic use; antibiotic resistance; stewardship programs; pharmacy students; knowledge antibiotic use; antibiotic resistance; stewardship programs; pharmacy students; knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hayat, K.; Jamshed, S.; Rosenthal, M.; Haq, N.U.; Chang, J.; Rasool, M.F.; Malik, U.R.; Rehman, A.U.; Khan, K.M.; Fang, Y. Understanding of Pharmacy Students towards Antibiotic Use, Antibiotic Resistance and Antibiotic Stewardship Programs: A Cross-Sectional Study from Punjab, Pakistan. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 66. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010066

AMA Style

Hayat K, Jamshed S, Rosenthal M, Haq NU, Chang J, Rasool MF, Malik UR, Rehman AU, Khan KM, Fang Y. Understanding of Pharmacy Students towards Antibiotic Use, Antibiotic Resistance and Antibiotic Stewardship Programs: A Cross-Sectional Study from Punjab, Pakistan. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(1):66. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010066

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hayat, Khezar, Shazia Jamshed, Meagen Rosenthal, Noman U. Haq, Jie Chang, Muhammad F. Rasool, Usman R. Malik, Anees U. Rehman, Kashif M. Khan, and Yu Fang. 2021. "Understanding of Pharmacy Students towards Antibiotic Use, Antibiotic Resistance and Antibiotic Stewardship Programs: A Cross-Sectional Study from Punjab, Pakistan" Antibiotics 10, no. 1: 66. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010066

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