Next Article in Journal
Methicillin-Resistant and Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus from Vervet Monkeys (Chlorocebus sabaeus) in Saint Kitts
Next Article in Special Issue
Characterization of Environmental and Cultivable Antibiotic-Resistant Microbial Communities Associated with Wastewater Treatment
Previous Article in Journal
Bioactivity and Control Efficacy of the Novel Antibiotic Tetramycin against Various Kiwifruit Diseases
Previous Article in Special Issue
Investigation of the Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes According to the Wastewater Treatment Scale Using Metagenomic Analysis
Article

Occurrence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Arcobacter spp. Recovered from Aquatic Environments

1
Food Microbiology Section, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia A. Mirri, Via G. Marinuzzi 3, 90129 Palermo, Italy
2
Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Bd. 16, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc Maresca
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 26 February 2021 / Accepted: 7 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance in Aquatic Environments)
Arcobacter spp. are emerging waterborne and foodborne zoonotic pathogens responsible for gastroenteritis in humans. In this work, we evaluated the occurrence and the antimicrobial resistance profile of Arcobacter isolates recovered from different aquatic sources. Besides, we searched for Arcobacter spp. in seaweeds and the corresponding seawater samples. Bacteriological and molecular methods applied to 100 samples led to the isolation of 28 Arcobacter isolates from 27 samples. The highest prevalence was detected in rivers followed by artificial ponds, streams, well waters, and spring waters. Seaweeds contained a higher percentage of Arcobacter than the corresponding seawater samples. The isolates were identified as Arcobacter butzleri (96.4%) and Arcobacter cryaerophilus (3.6%). All the isolates showed a multi-drug resistance profile, being resistant to at least three different classes of antibiotics. Molecular analysis of genetic determinants responsible for tetracycline resistance in nine randomly chosen isolates revealed the presence of tetO and/or tetW. This work confirms the occurrence and the continuous emergence of antibiotic-resistant Arcobacter strains in environmental samples; also, the presence of quinolone-resistant Arcobacter spp. in aquatic sources used for water supply and irrigation represents a potential risk for human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arcobacter butzleri; water samples; multiplex PCR; antibiotic susceptibility; tetO; tetW Arcobacter butzleri; water samples; multiplex PCR; antibiotic susceptibility; tetO; tetW
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sciortino, S.; Arculeo, P.; Alio, V.; Cardamone, C.; Nicastro, L.; Arculeo, M.; Alduina, R.; Costa, A. Occurrence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Arcobacter spp. Recovered from Aquatic Environments. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 288. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030288

AMA Style

Sciortino S, Arculeo P, Alio V, Cardamone C, Nicastro L, Arculeo M, Alduina R, Costa A. Occurrence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Arcobacter spp. Recovered from Aquatic Environments. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(3):288. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030288

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sciortino, Sonia, Pietro Arculeo, Vincenzina Alio, Cinzia Cardamone, Luisa Nicastro, Marco Arculeo, Rosa Alduina, and Antonella Costa. 2021. "Occurrence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Arcobacter spp. Recovered from Aquatic Environments" Antibiotics 10, no. 3: 288. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030288

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop