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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of Some Components of the Essential Oils of Plants Used in the Traditional Medicine of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, Puebla, México

1
Laboratory of Natural Products Bioactivity, UBIPRO, Facultad de Estudios Superiores-Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. de los Barrios No. 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, Tlalnepantla 54090, Estado de México, Mexico
2
Laboratory of Phytochemistry, UBIPRO, Facultad de Estudios Superiores-Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. de los Barrios No. 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, Tlalnepantla 54090, Estado de México, Mexico
3
Laboratorio de Fitoquímica-Ecológica, Grupo de Química y Biotecnología de Productos Naturales Bioactivos, Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bio Bio, Av. Andrés Bello s/n, P.O. Box 447, Ñuble, Chillán 3780000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William N. Setzer
Received: 18 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 10 March 2021 / Published: 12 March 2021
In Tehuacán-Cuicatlán valley (Mexico), studies have been carried out on the essential oils of medicinal plants with antimicrobial activity and it was found that they present compounds in common such as: α-pinene, β-pinene, carvacrol, eugenol, limonene, myrcene, ocimene, cineole, methyl salicylate, farnesene, and thymol. The goal of this study was to assess the antimicrobial activity of essential oils’ compounds. The qualitative evaluation was carried out by the Kirby Baüer agar diffusion technique in Gram-positive bacteria (11 strains), Gram-negative bacteria (18 strains), and yeasts (8 strains). For the determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), the agar dilution method was used. All the evaluated compounds presented antimicrobial activity. The compounds eugenol and carvacrol showed the largest inhibition zones. Regarding yeasts, the compounds ocimene, cineole, and farnesene did not show any activity. The compounds eugenol, carvacrol, and thymol presented the lowest MIC; bactericidal effect was observed at MIC level for S. aureus 75MR, E. coli 128 MR, and C albicans CUSI, for different compounds, eugenol, carvacrol, and thymol. Finally, this study shows that the essential oils of plants used by the population of Tehuacán-Cuicatlán valley share compounds and some of them have antibacterial and fungicidal activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial activity; diterpenes; essential oils; monoterpenes; Tehuacán-Cuicatlán valley antimicrobial activity; diterpenes; essential oils; monoterpenes; Tehuacán-Cuicatlán valley
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MDPI and ACS Style

Candelaria-Dueñas, S.; Serrano-Parrales, R.; Ávila-Romero, M.; Meraz-Martínez, S.; Orozco-Martínez, J.; Ávila-Acevedo, J.G.; García-Bores, A.M.; Cespedes-Acuña, C.L.; Peñalosa-Castro, I.; Hernandez-Delgado, T. Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of Some Components of the Essential Oils of Plants Used in the Traditional Medicine of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, Puebla, México. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 295. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030295

AMA Style

Candelaria-Dueñas S, Serrano-Parrales R, Ávila-Romero M, Meraz-Martínez S, Orozco-Martínez J, Ávila-Acevedo JG, García-Bores AM, Cespedes-Acuña CL, Peñalosa-Castro I, Hernandez-Delgado T. Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of Some Components of the Essential Oils of Plants Used in the Traditional Medicine of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, Puebla, México. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(3):295. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030295

Chicago/Turabian Style

Candelaria-Dueñas, Sebastián; Serrano-Parrales, Rocío; Ávila-Romero, Marisol; Meraz-Martínez, Samuel; Orozco-Martínez, Julieta; Ávila-Acevedo, José G.; García-Bores, Ana M.; Cespedes-Acuña, Carlos L.; Peñalosa-Castro, Ignacio; Hernandez-Delgado, Tzasna. 2021. "Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of Some Components of the Essential Oils of Plants Used in the Traditional Medicine of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, Puebla, México" Antibiotics 10, no. 3: 295. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030295

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