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Article

Preventive Antibiotic Prescribing Habits among Professionals Dedicated to Oral Implantology: An Observational Study

1
Department of Stomatology, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
2
Science Committee for Antibiotic Research of Spanish Society of Implants (SEI–Sociedad Española de Implantes), 28020 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Nursery and Stomatology, Rey Juan Carlos University, 28922 Madrid, Spain
4
Department of Basic Health Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University, 28922 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Clinical Specialties, Faculty of Dentistry, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tuomas Waltimo and Mark Sullman
Received: 9 February 2021 / Revised: 5 March 2021 / Accepted: 12 March 2021 / Published: 14 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibiotic Use in the Communities)
The prescription of preventive antibiotics (PA) in oral implantology is a controversial issue. The study aimed to determine the prescribing habits of PA in professionals dedicated to oral implantology in various treatments in healthy and at-risk patients. This is a cross-sectional observational study based on the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) guidelines. An electronic survey consisting of 4 blocks of questions was sent to members of the Spanish Society of Implants. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. A total of 303 participants (20.8%) responded to the questionnaire. One percent never prescribed PA, 55.4% prescribed them always, and 43.6% prescribed them sometimes. Ninety-six percent administered them preoperatively, while 92.4% administered them postoperatively. The most commonly used antibiotic is amoxicillin followed by amoxicillin with clavulanic acid (875/125 mg). Clindamycin is the most commonly administered antibiotic in patients with allergies. Professionals dedicated to oral implantology frequently prescribe PA in both healthy and at-risk patients, especially perioperatively. Immediate implant placement, sinus lifts, bone regeneration, and multiple implant placement are the treatments in which PA are most commonly prescribed, as well as in patients with heart valve prostheses or a history of bacterial endocarditis and immunodeficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic prophylaxis; antibiotics; preventive antibiotics; antibiotic prescription behavior; prescribing trends; implant dentistry; oral implantology; dental implants antibiotic prophylaxis; antibiotics; preventive antibiotics; antibiotic prescription behavior; prescribing trends; implant dentistry; oral implantology; dental implants
MDPI and ACS Style

Salgado-Peralvo, A.O.; Kewalramani, N.; Peña-Cardelles, J.F.; Mateos-Moreno, M.V.; Monsalve-Guil, L.; Jiménez-Guerra, Á.; Ortiz-García, I.; Velasco-Ortega, E. Preventive Antibiotic Prescribing Habits among Professionals Dedicated to Oral Implantology: An Observational Study. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 301. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030301

AMA Style

Salgado-Peralvo AO, Kewalramani N, Peña-Cardelles JF, Mateos-Moreno MV, Monsalve-Guil L, Jiménez-Guerra Á, Ortiz-García I, Velasco-Ortega E. Preventive Antibiotic Prescribing Habits among Professionals Dedicated to Oral Implantology: An Observational Study. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(3):301. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030301

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salgado-Peralvo, Angel O., Naresh Kewalramani, Juan F. Peña-Cardelles, María V. Mateos-Moreno, Loreto Monsalve-Guil, Álvaro Jiménez-Guerra, Iván Ortiz-García, and Eugenio Velasco-Ortega. 2021. "Preventive Antibiotic Prescribing Habits among Professionals Dedicated to Oral Implantology: An Observational Study" Antibiotics 10, no. 3: 301. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10030301

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