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Article

Prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus sp. (MRS) in Different Companion Animals and Determination of Risk Factors for Colonization with MRS

1
Institute of Microbiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
3
FH Campus Wien, 1100 Wien, Austria
4
Clinical Unit of Internal Medicine Small Animals, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
5
Division for Hospital Hygiene, Clinical Institute for Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 February 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 5 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Staphylococci Antimicrobial Resistance)
The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus sp. (MRS) in populations of companion animals that either have previously been exposed or have not been exposed to antibiotic therapy or veterinary facilities, and if owners’ healthcare profession had an influence on colonization with MRS. In addition, the antimicrobial resistance pheno- and genotype were investigated and risks for colonization with MRS were assessed. During this study, 347 nasal swabs (dogs n = 152; cats n = 107; rabbits n = 88) were investigated for the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In addition, 131 nasal swabs (dogs n = 79; cats n = 47; rabbits = 3; guinea pigs = 2) were examined for the presence of MRSA but also other MRS. In total, 23 MRS isolates belonged to nine staphylococcal species: Staphylococcus epidermidis (n = 11), Staphylococcus warneri (n = 3), Staphylococcus hominis (n = 2), Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (n = 2), and singletons Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus sciuri, Staphylococcus fleurettii, Staphylococcus lentus, and Staphylococcus haemolyticus. Twenty isolates displayed a multidrug-resistant phenotype. Various resistance and biocide resistance genes were detected among the examined staphylococci. Risk assessment for MRS colonization was conducted using a number of factors, including animal species, breed, age, gender, recent veterinary health care hospitalization, and antibiotic prescription, resulting in recent veterinary health care hospitalization being a significant risk factor. The detection of multidrug-resistant MRS in healthy animals is of importance due to their zoonotic potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: MRSA; methicillin resistance; animals; antibiotic resistance; SCCmec typing; dru typing; risk factors MRSA; methicillin resistance; animals; antibiotic resistance; SCCmec typing; dru typing; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Loncaric, I.; Tichy, A.; Handler, S.; Szostak, M.P.; Tickert, M.; Diab-Elschahawi, M.; Spergser, J.; Künzel, F. Prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus sp. (MRS) in Different Companion Animals and Determination of Risk Factors for Colonization with MRS. Antibiotics 2019, 8, 36. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics8020036

AMA Style

Loncaric I, Tichy A, Handler S, Szostak MP, Tickert M, Diab-Elschahawi M, Spergser J, Künzel F. Prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus sp. (MRS) in Different Companion Animals and Determination of Risk Factors for Colonization with MRS. Antibiotics. 2019; 8(2):36. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics8020036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Loncaric, Igor, Alexander Tichy, Silvia Handler, Michael P. Szostak, Mareike Tickert, Magda Diab-Elschahawi, Joachim Spergser, and Frank Künzel. 2019. "Prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus sp. (MRS) in Different Companion Animals and Determination of Risk Factors for Colonization with MRS" Antibiotics 8, no. 2: 36. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics8020036

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