Antimicrobial multidrug resistance and its transmission among strains are serious problems. Success rate is decreased and treatment options are narrowed due to increasing bacterial multidrug resistance. On the other hand, the need for long-term efforts to discover new antibiotics and difficulties finding new treatment protocols make this problem more complex. Combination therapy, especially with synergistic use of antimicrobials is a rational treatment option with huge benefits. Thus, screening antibiotic interactions is crucial for finding better treatment options. Clinicians currently use combinatorial antibiotic treatment as an effective treatment option. However, antibiotics can show synergistic or antagonistic interactions when used together. In our study, we aimed to investigate interactions of antibiotics with different mechanisms of action. Antibiotics, which act as protein synthesis inhibitors (P) and nucleic acid synthesis inhibitors (N) were used in our study. We tested 66 (PN), 15 (NN), and 55 (PP) drug pairs on the Escherichia coli
strain. The Loewe additivity model was used and alpha scores were calculated for analysis of interactions of drug combinations. Drug interactions were categorized as synergistic or antagonistic. Accordingly, pairwise combinations of protein synthesis inhibitors (PP) showed stronger synergistic interactions than those of nucleic acid synthesis inhibitors (NN) and nucleic acid synthesis–protein synthesis inhibitors (PN). As a result, the importance of mechanisms of action of drugs is emphasized in the selection of synergistic drug combinations.
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