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Article

Pexiganan in Combination with Nisin to Control Polymicrobial Diabetic Foot Infections

1
Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal (CIISA), Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida da Universidade Técnica, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal
2
Centro de Química Estrutural, Instituto Superior Técnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 3 March 2020 / Revised: 17 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are major complications of Diabetes mellitus being responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. DFUs frequently become chronically infected by a complex community of bacteria, including multidrug-resistant and biofilm-producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Diabetic foot infections (DFI) are often recalcitrant to conventional antibiotics and alternative treatment strategies are urgently needed. Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs), such as pexiganan and nisin, have been increasingly investigated and reported as effective antimicrobial agents. Here, we evaluated the antibacterial potential of pexiganan and nisin used in combination (dual-AMP) to control the growth of planktonic and biofilm co-cultures of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa clinical strains, co-isolated from a DFU. A DFU collagen three-dimensional (3D) model was used to evaluate the distribution and efficacy of AMPs locally delivered into the model. The concentration of pexiganan required to inhibit and eradicate both planktonic and biofilm-based bacterial cells was substantially reduced when used in combination with nisin. Moreover, incorporation of both AMPs in a guar gum delivery system (dual-AMP biogel) did not affect the dual-AMP antimicrobial activity. Importantly, the application of the dual-AMP biogel resulted in the eradication of the S. aureus strain from the model. In conclusion, data suggest that the local application of the dual-AMPs biogel constitutes a potential complementary therapy for the treatment of infected DFU. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetic foot ulcers; diabetic foot infections; Antimicrobial peptides; nisin; pexiganan; Staphylococcus aureus; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; biofilm; guar gum; 3D wound model diabetic foot ulcers; diabetic foot infections; Antimicrobial peptides; nisin; pexiganan; Staphylococcus aureus; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; biofilm; guar gum; 3D wound model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gomes, D.; Santos, R.; S. Soares, R.; Reis, S.; Carvalho, S.; Rego, P.; C. Peleteiro, M.; Tavares, L.; Oliveira, M. Pexiganan in Combination with Nisin to Control Polymicrobial Diabetic Foot Infections. Antibiotics 2020, 9, 128. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics9030128

AMA Style

Gomes D, Santos R, S. Soares R, Reis S, Carvalho S, Rego P, C. Peleteiro M, Tavares L, Oliveira M. Pexiganan in Combination with Nisin to Control Polymicrobial Diabetic Foot Infections. Antibiotics. 2020; 9(3):128. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics9030128

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gomes, Diana, Raquel Santos, Rui S. Soares, Solange Reis, Sandra Carvalho, Pedro Rego, Maria C. Peleteiro, Luís Tavares, and Manuela Oliveira. 2020. "Pexiganan in Combination with Nisin to Control Polymicrobial Diabetic Foot Infections" Antibiotics 9, no. 3: 128. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics9030128

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