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Article

The Effect of Projectile Nose Shape on the Critical Velocity of High-Performance Yarn

1
School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 March 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 3 April 2019
In this study, ballistic experiments were performed to determine the critical velocity of a Twaron® 2040 high-performance yarn transversely impacted by round projectiles. Four different round projectiles possessing a radius of curvature of 2 µm, 20 µm, 200 µm and 2 mm were used in this study. Load cells were mounted to the grips to measure the load history of the yarn upon impact. A high-speed camera was incorporated into the ballistic experimental setup to capture the failure process of the yarn upon impact. A scanning electron microscope was utilized to perform post-mortem failure analysis on the recovered specimens. The results showed that as the radius of curvature of the projectile increased, the critical velocity also increased. The critical velocities for all cases were bounded between those predicted from the Euler–Bernoulli beam and Smith models. Upon impact above the upper limit of the critical velocity, the axial loads revealed a demonstrative reduction. The failure surfaces changed from shear to fibrillation as the radius of curvature increased. For those specimens that failed in shear, Hertzian contact model was used to predict the critical velocity. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-performance fiber; critical velocity; ballistic experiments; projectile nose shape; Smith theory high-performance fiber; critical velocity; ballistic experiments; projectile nose shape; Smith theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, B.H.; Chu, J.-M.; Gao, J.; Claus, B.; Nie, Y.; Chen, W. The Effect of Projectile Nose Shape on the Critical Velocity of High-Performance Yarn. Fibers 2019, 7, 29. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fib7040029

AMA Style

Lim BH, Chu J-M, Gao J, Claus B, Nie Y, Chen W. The Effect of Projectile Nose Shape on the Critical Velocity of High-Performance Yarn. Fibers. 2019; 7(4):29. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fib7040029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lim, Boon H., Jou-Mei Chu, Jinling Gao, Benjamin Claus, Yizhou Nie, and Wayne Chen. 2019. "The Effect of Projectile Nose Shape on the Critical Velocity of High-Performance Yarn" Fibers 7, no. 4: 29. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fib7040029

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