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Article

Designing and Integrating a Digital Thread System for Customized Additive Manufacturing in Multi-Partner Kayak Production

1
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Strathclyde, 75 Montrose St, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
2
Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Chalmersplatsen 4, 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
3
RISE IVF, Argongatan 30, 431 22 Mölndal, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 September 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 10 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Model-Based Systems Engineering and Product Service Systems Design)
Additive manufacturing (AM) opens the vision of decentralised and individualised manufacturing, as a tailored product can be manufactured in proximity to the customers with minimal physical infrastructure required. Consequently, the digital infrastructure and systems solution becomes substantially more complex. There is always a need to design the entire digital system so that different partners (or stakeholders) access correct and relevant information and even support design iterations despite the heterogenous digital environments involved. This paper describes how the design and integration of a digital thread for AM can be approached. A system supporting a digital thread for AM kayak production has been designed and integrated in collaboration with a kayak manufacturer and a professional collaborative product lifecycle management (PLM) software and service provider. From the demonstrated system functionality, three key lessons learnt are clarified: (1) The need for developing a process model of the physical and digital flow in the early stages, (2) the separation between the data to be shared and the processing of data to perform each parties’ task, and (3) the development of an ad-hoc digital application for the involvement of new stakeholders in the AM digital flow, such as final users. The application of the digital thread system was demonstrated through a test of the overall concept by manufacturing a functional and individually customised kayak, printed remotely using AM (composed of a biocomposite containing 20% wood-based fibre). View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; digital thread; design automation additive manufacturing; digital thread; design automation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonham, E.; McMaster, K.; Thomson, E.; Panarotto, M.; Müller, J.R.; Isaksson, O.; Johansson, E. Designing and Integrating a Digital Thread System for Customized Additive Manufacturing in Multi-Partner Kayak Production. Systems 2020, 8, 43. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/systems8040043

AMA Style

Bonham E, McMaster K, Thomson E, Panarotto M, Müller JR, Isaksson O, Johansson E. Designing and Integrating a Digital Thread System for Customized Additive Manufacturing in Multi-Partner Kayak Production. Systems. 2020; 8(4):43. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/systems8040043

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonham, Euan, Kerr McMaster, Emma Thomson, Massimo Panarotto, Jakob R. Müller, Ola Isaksson, and Emil Johansson. 2020. "Designing and Integrating a Digital Thread System for Customized Additive Manufacturing in Multi-Partner Kayak Production" Systems 8, no. 4: 43. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/systems8040043

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