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Article

Overview and Improvement of Procedures and Practices of Electricity Transmission System Operators in South East Europe to Mitigate Cybersecurity Threats

1
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologies, Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, 1000 Skopje, North Macedonia
2
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rodney Stewart and Oz Sahin
Systems 2021, 9(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems9020039
Received: 9 May 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 2 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from SDEWES Conferences 2020)
The implementation of information and communication technologies (ICT) in power systems increases the risks of cybersecurity threats, requiring protection measures that should reflect the multi-actor environment of the contemporary power systems. This paper provides a critical assessment of the cybersecurity practices of the transmission system operators (TSOs) from South East Europe (SEE) and the implementation of obligations for TSOs emerging from the complex set of cybersecurity and electricity legislation. The analyses of TSO cybersecurity practices are based on a survey conducted with the TSOs from SEE and show there is a lack of consistent cybersecurity policy at the TSO level. These analyses demonstrate that the differences between TSOs from the SEE region are not very significant with regards to implementation of technical protection and defense measures for critical infrastructures (CIs) and assets. The comprehensive analyses of electricity and cybersecurity legislation uncover the obligations of TSOs emerging from legislation and relate them to current TSO cybersecurity practices, confirming the necessity to boost existing practices. Considering the analyzed legislation and implemented practices, this paper presents a proposal for a cybersecurity framework for TSOs that should improve their organizational and operational response to the evolving cybersecurity challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: transmission systems; cybersecurity; critical infrastructure transmission systems; cybersecurity; critical infrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Krkoleva Mateska, A.; Krstevski, P.; Borozan, S. Overview and Improvement of Procedures and Practices of Electricity Transmission System Operators in South East Europe to Mitigate Cybersecurity Threats. Systems 2021, 9, 39. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/systems9020039

AMA Style

Krkoleva Mateska A, Krstevski P, Borozan S. Overview and Improvement of Procedures and Practices of Electricity Transmission System Operators in South East Europe to Mitigate Cybersecurity Threats. Systems. 2021; 9(2):39. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/systems9020039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Krkoleva Mateska, Aleksandra, Petar Krstevski, and Stefan Borozan. 2021. "Overview and Improvement of Procedures and Practices of Electricity Transmission System Operators in South East Europe to Mitigate Cybersecurity Threats" Systems 9, no. 2: 39. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/systems9020039

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