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Article

Biomass Valorization: Sustainable Methods for the Production of Hemicellulolytic Catalysts from Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris strain BUFF

1
Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry (ICB), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli , Italy
2
Department of Science and Technology, University of Naples Parthenope, Centro Direzionale, Isola C4, 80143 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ezio Riggi, Raffaella Maria Balestrini and Edoardo Marco Napoli
Received: 30 July 2021 / Revised: 2 November 2021 / Accepted: 5 November 2021 / Published: 10 November 2021
Processing and selection of fruits and vegetables generate high quantities of wastes that represent an economic and environmental issue for the agroindustry sector. According to the so-called “biorefinery” approach, this biomass can be exploited for the recovery of value-added molecules. In this study, the residues of industrial processing of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum variety “Hybrid Rome”), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), potato (Solanum tuberosum) and carrot (Daucus carota) were used as sole carbon sources to support cheap and sustainable microbial growth as well as the production of secondary metabolites (hydrogen and ethanol) by Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris strain BUFF, a thermophilic anaerobic microorganism isolated from buffalo-dung compost. Moreover, the use of hemicellulolytic enzymes of T. thermostercoris was assayed in the bioconversion reaction of the polymer fraction extracted from the rhizome of giant reed (Arundo donax) and of the leaves and stems of cardoon (Cynara cardunculus), dedicated non-food crops employed in energy supply. View Full-Text
Keywords: agro-waste biomass; hemicellulose; biorefinery; Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris; extremozymes; hydrogen; ethanol agro-waste biomass; hemicellulose; biorefinery; Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris; extremozymes; hydrogen; ethanol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Finore, I.; Romano, I.; Leone, L.; Di Donato, P.; Nicolaus, B.; Poli, A.; Lama, L. Biomass Valorization: Sustainable Methods for the Production of Hemicellulolytic Catalysts from Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris strain BUFF. Resources 2021, 10, 115. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/resources10110115

AMA Style

Finore I, Romano I, Leone L, Di Donato P, Nicolaus B, Poli A, Lama L. Biomass Valorization: Sustainable Methods for the Production of Hemicellulolytic Catalysts from Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris strain BUFF. Resources. 2021; 10(11):115. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/resources10110115

Chicago/Turabian Style

Finore, Ilaria, Ida Romano, Luigi Leone, Paola Di Donato, Barbara Nicolaus, Annarita Poli, and Licia Lama. 2021. "Biomass Valorization: Sustainable Methods for the Production of Hemicellulolytic Catalysts from Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris strain BUFF" Resources 10, no. 11: 115. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/resources10110115

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