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Artificial Intelligence in the Sorting of Municipal Waste as an Enabler of the Circular Economy

Current Status of Circular Economy Research in Finland

Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elena Cristina Rada
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 25 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Municipal and Industrial Waste Management)
Circular economy has emerged as a sustainable alternative to the traditional, linear, extract-produce-use-dump economy. The scientific society, practitioners, policymakers, and business sectors are all actively taking part in driving the transition toward circular economy in their own sectors. Every sector is striving to address the environmental issues of their own area, and to find solutions to the problem of resource scarcity. However, there is a lack of comprehensive studies on the general status of circular economy research and applied projects. Finland aims to be a global pioneer in this field, which is why there is a tremendous boost in research in various fields of sustainable materials management. Therefore, there is a need to have a better perspective of the research society’s efforts to accelerate the transition to circular economy. The objective of this paper is to review scientific research and practices of circular economy transition in Finland, in order to categorize and analyze them. The paper aims to give an insight into the current status and provide a comprehensive understanding of the trend changes during the past 20 years. The analysis shows that there is growing attention to circular economy in many research fields, researchers and practitioners in all fields have responded to the need of the society. However, the recycling-based ‘end-of-pipe’ interpretation of circular economy is still more dominant than developing and implementing strategies for circular product design, dematerializing society, and developing service-based business models. It is important to bear in mind that circular economy is about much more than improved resource flows and waste management practices. Achieving a circular economy needs the engagement of the society, it needs invention and innovation and it also requires the creation of new technologies, products, services, and business models. This study gives a comprehensive perspective at the national level and addresses the key actions and sectors which require more investment and attention from the scientific community to boost the transition toward circular economy. There are some limitation in this study derived from the method of data collection and selection of databases. Due to this, there may be valuable works that were not published, or only in the Finnish language and were, therefore, not identified in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; scientific research; research trend analysis; Finland circular economy; scientific research; research trend analysis; Finland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hosseinian, A.; Ylä-Mella, J.; Pongrácz, E. Current Status of Circular Economy Research in Finland. Resources 2021, 10, 40.

AMA Style

Hosseinian A, Ylä-Mella J, Pongrácz E. Current Status of Circular Economy Research in Finland. Resources. 2021; 10(5):40.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hosseinian, Aida, Jenni Ylä-Mella, and Eva Pongrácz. 2021. "Current Status of Circular Economy Research in Finland" Resources 10, no. 5: 40.

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