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Article

Lamination and Its Impact on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Permian and Triassic Terrestrial Sandstones

1
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wybickiego 7A, 31-261 Kraków, Poland
2
Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza Av. 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicoletta Santangelo
Received: 8 February 2021 / Revised: 29 April 2021 / Accepted: 29 April 2021 / Published: 1 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Resource Management: Assessment, Mining and Processing)
The sandstones with a laminated structure are common building materials. Lamination is macroscopically expressed as colour and grain size variations observed both in the deposit and within individual beds; therefore, the properties of such sandstones are diverse depending on the spatial distribution of the binding mass and framework components. For the terrestrial sandstones of different genesis, four types of laminae have been distinguished based on petrographic studies. They have a siliceous binder or a mixed ferruginous–siliceous–argillaceous binder with different proportions of these components. In laminae of types I–III, the grain framework is built mainly of quartz grains, and in type IV, it is accompanied by numerous lithoclasts and feldspars. Knoop hardness and CERCHAR abrasivity were tested in each lamina variety, and the results were correlated with the equivalent quartz content and the longitudinal ultrasonic wave velocity measured perpendicular and parallel to the lamination. The proposed research methodology was not used in previous studies on terrestrial laminated sandstones. The results explain a strong dependence between mineral composition, structure of laminae, and technical parameters of rocks. The knowledge of this relationship facilitates the selection of rocks that meet the relevant technical requirements and helps to optimally manage the resources of sandstone deposits. View Full-Text
Keywords: Knoop hardness; CERCHAR abrasivity; ultrasonic longitudinal wave velocity; apparent density; water absorption; non-destructive testing; sandstones; lamination Knoop hardness; CERCHAR abrasivity; ultrasonic longitudinal wave velocity; apparent density; water absorption; non-destructive testing; sandstones; lamination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Figarska-Warchoł, B.; Rembiś, M. Lamination and Its Impact on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Permian and Triassic Terrestrial Sandstones. Resources 2021, 10, 42. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/resources10050042

AMA Style

Figarska-Warchoł B, Rembiś M. Lamination and Its Impact on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Permian and Triassic Terrestrial Sandstones. Resources. 2021; 10(5):42. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/resources10050042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Figarska-Warchoł, Beata, and Marek Rembiś. 2021. "Lamination and Its Impact on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Permian and Triassic Terrestrial Sandstones" Resources 10, no. 5: 42. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/resources10050042

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