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Communication

Did the Physical and Psychological States of Outpatients Receiving Rehabilitation at a Geriatric Health Services Facility Decline during the State of Emergency Caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic?

1
Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University, 10-2 Tomogaoka 7-chome, Suma-ku, Kobe 654-0142, Japan
2
Cardiovascular Stroke Renal Project (CRP), Kobe 654-0142, Japan
3
Geriatric Health Services Facility Elder Village, 882 Fukutani, Hasetani-cho, Nishi-ku, Kobe-shi, Hyogo 651-2233, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2020 / Revised: 9 December 2020 / Accepted: 9 December 2020 / Published: 10 December 2020
Many Geriatric Health Services Facilities in Japan may have continued outpatient rehabilitation by taking measures against infection even during the state of emergency caused by Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The present study aimed to determine differences in physical and psychological states in rehabilitation outpatients (age, 83.5 ± 8.4 years) at a Geriatric Health Services Facility between the pre- and post-nationwide state of emergency in Japan. Physical outcomes were assessed with gait speed (GS), timed up and go test (TUG), handgrip strength (HG), and maximum phonation time (MPT). We used the Japanese version of the five-level EuroQoL five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) to assess patients’ quality of life (QoL) as the psychological state. The physical (GS, pre, 0.92, post, 0.92 s, p = 0.875; TUG, pre, 14.09, post, 14.14 s, p = 0.552; HG, pre, 19.42, post 19.70 kgf, p = 0.807; MPT, pre, 13.6, post, 13.8 s, p = 0.861) and psychological (EQ-5D-5L, pre, 0.73, post, 0.81, p = 0.064) states of the participants did not change significantly between the pre- and post-nationwide state of emergency. This was likely due to the continuance of outpatient rehabilitation in accordance with the facility’s policy while taking adequate safety precautions against COVID-19 infection. View Full-Text
Keywords: Coronavirus disease 2019; pandemic; Geriatric Health Services Facilities; outpatients; rehabilitation; physical state; psychological state Coronavirus disease 2019; pandemic; Geriatric Health Services Facilities; outpatients; rehabilitation; physical state; psychological state
MDPI and ACS Style

Izawa, K.P.; Oyama, M.; Okamoto, K. Did the Physical and Psychological States of Outpatients Receiving Rehabilitation at a Geriatric Health Services Facility Decline during the State of Emergency Caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic? Diseases 2020, 8, 45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/diseases8040045

AMA Style

Izawa KP, Oyama M, Okamoto K. Did the Physical and Psychological States of Outpatients Receiving Rehabilitation at a Geriatric Health Services Facility Decline during the State of Emergency Caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic? Diseases. 2020; 8(4):45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/diseases8040045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Izawa, Kazuhiro P., Masataka Oyama, and Keisuke Okamoto. 2020. "Did the Physical and Psychological States of Outpatients Receiving Rehabilitation at a Geriatric Health Services Facility Decline during the State of Emergency Caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic?" Diseases 8, no. 4: 45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/diseases8040045

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