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The XSTAR Atomic Database
Open AccessReview

Data Needs for Modeling Low-Temperature Non-Equilibrium Plasmas: The LXCat Project, History, Perspectives and a Tutorial

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LAPLACE, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, INPT, UPS, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France
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Plasma Matters BV, Campus Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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Applied Optical and Plasma Science, Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1423, USA
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Center for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
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Hitachi Power Grids, Technology Center, Badenerstrasse 780, 8048 Zurich, Switzerland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
On behalf of the LXCat Team, [email protected].
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 1 January 2021 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 24 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Perspectives of Atomic and Molecular Databases)
Technologies based on non-equilibrium, low-temperature plasmas are ubiquitous in today’s society. Plasma modeling plays an essential role in their understanding, development and optimization. An accurate description of electron and ion collisions with neutrals and their transport is required to correctly describe plasma properties as a function of external parameters. LXCat is an open-access, web-based platform for storing, exchanging and manipulating data needed for modeling the electron and ion components of non-equilibrium, low-temperature plasmas. The data types supported by LXCat are electron- and ion-scattering cross-sections with neutrals (total and differential), interaction potentials, oscillator strengths, and electron- and ion-swarm/transport parameters. Online tools allow users to identify and compare the data through plotting routines, and use the data to generate swarm parameters and reaction rates with the integrated electron Boltzmann solver. In this review, the historical evolution of the project and some perspectives on its future are discussed together with a tutorial review for using data from LXCat. View Full-Text
Keywords: low-temperature non-equilibrium plasmas; cross-sections; Boltzmann equation; swarm parameters; electron collisions; ion collisions; mobility; diffusion; online database; open access low-temperature non-equilibrium plasmas; cross-sections; Boltzmann equation; swarm parameters; electron collisions; ion collisions; mobility; diffusion; online database; open access
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carbone, E.; Graef, W.; Hagelaar, G.; Boer, D.; Hopkins, M.M.; Stephens, J.C.; Yee, B.T.; Pancheshnyi, S.; van Dijk, J.; Pitchford, L. Data Needs for Modeling Low-Temperature Non-Equilibrium Plasmas: The LXCat Project, History, Perspectives and a Tutorial. Atoms 2021, 9, 16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/atoms9010016

AMA Style

Carbone E, Graef W, Hagelaar G, Boer D, Hopkins MM, Stephens JC, Yee BT, Pancheshnyi S, van Dijk J, Pitchford L. Data Needs for Modeling Low-Temperature Non-Equilibrium Plasmas: The LXCat Project, History, Perspectives and a Tutorial. Atoms. 2021; 9(1):16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/atoms9010016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carbone, Emile; Graef, Wouter; Hagelaar, Gerjan; Boer, Daan; Hopkins, Matthew M.; Stephens, Jacob C.; Yee, Benjamin T.; Pancheshnyi, Sergey; van Dijk, Jan; Pitchford, Leanne. 2021. "Data Needs for Modeling Low-Temperature Non-Equilibrium Plasmas: The LXCat Project, History, Perspectives and a Tutorial" Atoms 9, no. 1: 16. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/atoms9010016

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