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Stark-Zeeman Broadening of Spectral Line Shapes in Magnetized Plasmas
Open AccessArticle

Stark-Broadening of Ar K-Shell Lines: A Comparison between Molecular Dynamics Simulations and MERL Results

1
Departamento de Física Teórica, Atómica y Óptica, Universidad de Valladolid, 47071 Valladolid, Spain
2
Departament of Physics, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, USA
3
iUNAT—Departamento de Física, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
Analysis of Stark-broadened spectral line profiles is a powerful, non-intrusive diagnostic technique to extract the electron density of high-energy-density plasmas. The increasing number of applications and availability of spectroscopic measurements have stimulated new research on line broadening theory calculations and computer simulations, and their comparison. Here, we discuss a comparative study of Stark-broadened line shapes calculated with computer simulations using non-interacting and interacting particles, and with the multi-electron radiator line shape MERL code. In particular, we focus on Ar K-shell X-ray line transitions in He- and H-like ions, i.e., Heα, Heβ and Heγ in He-like Ar and Lyα, Lyβ and Lyγ in H-like Ar. These lines have been extensively used for X-ray spectroscopy of Ar-doped implosion cores in indirect- and direct-drive inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments. The calculations were done for electron densities ranging from 1023 to 3×1024 cm3 and a representative electron temperature of 1 keV. Comparisons of electron broadening only and complete line profiles including electron and ion broadening effects, as well as Doppler, are presented. Overall, MERL line shapes are narrower than those from independent and interacting particles computer simulations performed at the same conditions. Differences come from the distinctive treatments of electron broadening and are more pronounced in α line transitions. We also discuss the recombination broadening mechanism that naturally emerges from molecular dynamics simulations and its influence on the line shapes. Furthermore, we assess the impact of employing either molecular dynamics or MERL line profiles on the diagnosis of core conditions in implosion experiments performed on the OMEGA laser facility. View Full-Text
Keywords: stark broadening; electron broadening; recombination broadening; simulations; molecular dynamics stark broadening; electron broadening; recombination broadening; simulations; molecular dynamics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gigosos, M.A.; Mancini, R.C.; Martín-González, J.M.; Florido, R. Stark-Broadening of Ar K-Shell Lines: A Comparison between Molecular Dynamics Simulations and MERL Results. Atoms 2021, 9, 9. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/atoms9010009

AMA Style

Gigosos MA, Mancini RC, Martín-González JM, Florido R. Stark-Broadening of Ar K-Shell Lines: A Comparison between Molecular Dynamics Simulations and MERL Results. Atoms. 2021; 9(1):9. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/atoms9010009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gigosos, Marco A.; Mancini, Roberto C.; Martín-González, Juan M.; Florido, Ricardo. 2021. "Stark-Broadening of Ar K-Shell Lines: A Comparison between Molecular Dynamics Simulations and MERL Results" Atoms 9, no. 1: 9. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/atoms9010009

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