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Residual Multi-Attention Classification Network for A Forest Dominated Tropical Landscape Using High-Resolution Remote Sensing Imagery

by 1,2, 1,3, 1,* and 1,3
1
Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
2
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing, Sanya 572029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(1), 22; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10010022
Received: 15 December 2020 / Revised: 3 January 2021 / Accepted: 7 January 2021 / Published: 11 January 2021
Tropical forests are of vital importance for maintaining biodiversity, regulating climate and material cycles while facing deforestation, agricultural reclamation, and managing various pressures. Remote sensing (RS) can support effective monitoring and mapping approaches for tropical forests, and to facilitate this we propose a deep neural network with an encoder–decoder architecture here to classify tropical forests and their environment. To deal with the complexity of tropical landscapes, this method utilizes a multi-scale convolution neural network (CNN) to expand the receptive field and extract multi-scale features. The model refines the features with several attention modules and fuses them through an upsampling module. A two-stage training strategy is proposed to alleviate misclassifications caused by sample imbalances. A joint loss function based on cross-entropy loss and the generalized Dice loss is applied in the first stage, and the second stage used the focal loss to fine-tune the weights. As a case study, we use Hainan tropical reserves to test the performance of this model. Compared with four state-of-the-art (SOTA) semantic segmentation networks, our network achieves the best performance with two Hainan datasets (mean intersection over union (MIoU) percentages of 85.78% and 82.85%). We also apply the new model to classify a public true color dataset which has 17 semantic classes and obtain results with an 83.75% MIoU. This further demonstrates the applicability and potential of this model in complex classification tasks. View Full-Text
Keywords: remote sensing; deep convolution network; image analysis; land use and land cover (LULC); tropical forest remote sensing; deep convolution network; image analysis; land use and land cover (LULC); tropical forest
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, T.; Wu, W.; Gong, C.; Li, X. Residual Multi-Attention Classification Network for A Forest Dominated Tropical Landscape Using High-Resolution Remote Sensing Imagery. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10010022

AMA Style

Yu T, Wu W, Gong C, Li X. Residual Multi-Attention Classification Network for A Forest Dominated Tropical Landscape Using High-Resolution Remote Sensing Imagery. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(1):22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10010022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Tong, Wenjin Wu, Chen Gong, and Xinwu Li. 2021. "Residual Multi-Attention Classification Network for A Forest Dominated Tropical Landscape Using High-Resolution Remote Sensing Imagery" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 1: 22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10010022

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