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Article

Impact of Urban Land-Cover Changes on the Spatial-Temporal Land Surface Temperature in a Tropical City of Mexico

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CONACYT-El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Unidad Chetumal, Estación para la Recepción de Información Satelital (ERIS), Av. Centenario Km. 5.5 C.P., Chetumal, Quintana Roo 77014, Mexico
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CONACYT-El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, unidad Chetumal, Departamento de Agricultura, Sociedad y Ambiente, Av. Centenario Km. 5.5 C.P., Chetumal, Quintana Roo 77014, Mexico
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Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán A.C., Unidad de Recursos Naturales, Calle 43 130, Colonia Chuburna de Hidalgo, C.P., Mérida, Yucatán 97200, Mexico
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Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Carretera Antigua a Progreso km 6 S/N. C.P., Mérida, Yucatán 97310, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wolfgang Kainz and Diana Reckien
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(2), 76; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10020076
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 13 February 2021
Climate change has severe consequences on ecosystem processes, as well as on people’s quality of life. It has been suggested that the loss of vegetation cover increases the land surface temperature (LST) due to modifications in biogeochemical patterns, generating a phenomenon known as “urban heat island” (UHI). The aim of this work was to analyze the effects of urban land-cover changes on the spatiotemporal variation of surface temperature in the tropical city of Mérida, Mexico. To find these effects we used both detected land-cover changes as well as variations of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). Mérida is ranked worldwide as one of the best cities to live due to its quality of life. Data from satellite images of Landsat were analyzed to calculate land use change (LUC), LST, and NDVI. LST increased ca. 4 °C in the dry season and 3 °C in the wet season because of the LUC. In addition, a positive relationship between the LST and the NDVI was observed mainly in the dry season. The results confirm an increase in the LST as a consequence of the loss of vegetation cover, which favors the urban heat island phenomenon. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban heat island; land use change; remote sensing; Landsat sensor urban heat island; land use change; remote sensing; Landsat sensor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Palafox-Juárez, E.B.; López-Martínez, J.O.; Hernández-Stefanoni, J.L.; Hernández-Nuñez, H. Impact of Urban Land-Cover Changes on the Spatial-Temporal Land Surface Temperature in a Tropical City of Mexico. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 76. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10020076

AMA Style

Palafox-Juárez EB, López-Martínez JO, Hernández-Stefanoni JL, Hernández-Nuñez H. Impact of Urban Land-Cover Changes on the Spatial-Temporal Land Surface Temperature in a Tropical City of Mexico. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(2):76. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10020076

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palafox-Juárez, Erika B., Jorge O. López-Martínez, José L. Hernández-Stefanoni, and Héctor Hernández-Nuñez. 2021. "Impact of Urban Land-Cover Changes on the Spatial-Temporal Land Surface Temperature in a Tropical City of Mexico" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 2: 76. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10020076

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