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Article

Landscape Visual Sensitivity Assessment of Historic Districts—A Case Study of Wudadao Historic District in Tianjin, China

1
School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
2
College of Fine Arts & Design, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maria Antonia Brovelli and Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(3), 175; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10030175
Received: 11 February 2021 / Revised: 13 March 2021 / Accepted: 14 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geodata Science and Spatial Analysis in Urban Studies)
Against the backdrop of urban stock renewal, as the core area of a city rich in culture, aesthetics, and tourism resources, the assessment of landscape visual sensitivity of historic districts can provide an accurate, objective, and intuitive decision-making basis for the multi-purpose planning of districts. The main purpose of this study was to develop an assessment method based on the geographic information system (GIS) in order to make a visual sensitivity index map on a district scale. To this end, this study uses the multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) method, selects the visibility (VSv), the number of potential users (VSu), and remarkableness (VSe) as the main criteria, and constructs a comprehensive assessment model of the visual sensitivity of the historic landscape. The most well-protected Wudadao Historic District in Tianjin (Wudadao) was selected as the study area, and its visual sensitivity was assessed. The assessment results are divided into four levels: areas of high sensitivity, moderate sensitivity, low sensitivity, and very low sensitivity. Results indicate that after the optimization and improvement of the evaluation index for visual sensitivity of a large-scale forest landscape, it is feasible to evaluate the small-scale visual sensitivity of historic districts; the higher the sensitivity level, the more important it is to be protected, and the more cautious it should be in the renewal of districts; the higher the number of potential users, the higher the visual sensitivity level, and so on. Further attention needs to be paid to planning and design to improve visual quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: historic district landscape; visual sensitivity; landscape assessment; Wudadao historic district landscape; visual sensitivity; landscape assessment; Wudadao
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fang, Y.-N.; Zeng, J.; Namaiti, A. Landscape Visual Sensitivity Assessment of Historic Districts—A Case Study of Wudadao Historic District in Tianjin, China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 175. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10030175

AMA Style

Fang Y-N, Zeng J, Namaiti A. Landscape Visual Sensitivity Assessment of Historic Districts—A Case Study of Wudadao Historic District in Tianjin, China. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(3):175. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10030175

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fang, Ya-Nan, Jian Zeng, and Aihemaiti Namaiti. 2021. "Landscape Visual Sensitivity Assessment of Historic Districts—A Case Study of Wudadao Historic District in Tianjin, China" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 3: 175. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10030175

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