Building and road extraction from remote sensing images is of great significance to urban planning. At present, most of building and road extraction models adopt deep learning semantic segmentation method. However, the existing semantic segmentation methods did not pay enough attention to the feature information between hidden layers, which led to the neglect of the category of context pixels in pixel classification, resulting in these two problems of large-scale misjudgment of buildings and disconnection of road extraction. In order to solve these problem, this paper proposes a Non-Local Feature Search Network (NFSNet) that can improve the segmentation accuracy of remote sensing images of buildings and roads, and to help achieve accurate urban planning. By strengthening the exploration of hidden layer feature information, it can effectively reduce the large area misclassification of buildings and road disconnection in the process of segmentation. Firstly, a Self-Attention Feature Transfer (SAFT) module is proposed, which searches the importance of hidden layer on channel dimension, it can obtain the correlation between channels. Secondly, the Global Feature Refinement (GFR) module is introduced to integrate the features extracted from the backbone network and SAFT module, it enhances the semantic information of the feature map and obtains more detailed segmentation output. The comparative experiments demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms state-of-the-art methods, and the model complexity is the lowest.
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