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Article

Landscape Pattern Theoretical Optimization of Urban Green Space Based on Ecosystem Service Supply and Demand

1
Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(4), 263; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10040263
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 4 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
Assessing the supply and demand of urban green space (UGS) ecosystem services (ESs) can provide relevant insights for urban planning. This study presents an analysis method for the spatial distribution of UGS ES supply and demand at administrative unit and 1-m grid scales and directly compares the matches of ES supply and demand in spatially explicit maps at two scales. Based on the analysis results at administrative unit scale, administrative units with an unbalanced UGS ES supply and demand were divided into three types: (Ⅰ) lack of green space; (Ⅱ) unreasonable green space structure; (Ⅲ) comprehensive, and different optimization schemes were put forward. According to the analysis results at 1-m scale, the regions with an unbalanced ES supply and demand of an administrative unit were divided into the following: (1) severe ES shortage area; (2) moderate ES shortage area; (3) mild ES shortage area, and the severe ES shortage area was taken as the UGS optimization area. We take the UGS within the 5th Ring Road of Beijing as an example and propose suggestions for optimizing the UGS pattern based on the evaluation of the supply and demand of UGS carbon sequestration services and purification services for particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm (PM2.5). This study provides an easy-to-use evaluation method for the spatial distribution of UGS ES supply and demand and proposes different optimization suggestions for the unbalanced area, thus playing a role in UGS construction activities and green space structure optimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban green space; ecosystem service; supply and demand balance; landscape pattern optimization urban green space; ecosystem service; supply and demand balance; landscape pattern optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Q.; Tian, Y.; Yin, K.; Zhang, F.; Huang, H.; Chen, F. Landscape Pattern Theoretical Optimization of Urban Green Space Based on Ecosystem Service Supply and Demand. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 263. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10040263

AMA Style

Liu Q, Tian Y, Yin K, Zhang F, Huang H, Chen F. Landscape Pattern Theoretical Optimization of Urban Green Space Based on Ecosystem Service Supply and Demand. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(4):263. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10040263

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Qinqin; Tian, Yichen; Yin, Kai; Zhang, Feifei; Huang, Huiping; Chen, Fangmiao. 2021. "Landscape Pattern Theoretical Optimization of Urban Green Space Based on Ecosystem Service Supply and Demand" ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 10, no. 4: 263. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10040263

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