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Article

Coupling Historical Maps and LiDAR Data to Identify Man-Made Landforms in Urban Areas

1
Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy
2
Department of Political Sciences, University of Genoa, 16124 Genoa, Italy
3
National Research Council, Research Institute for the Geo-Hydrological Protection, 10135 Turin, Italy
4
Direzione Sistemi Informativi del Comune di Genova, Municipality of Genoa, 16149 Genoa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Motti Zohar and Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(5), 349; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10050349
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 10 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 18 May 2021
In recent years, there has been growing interest in urban geomorphology both for its applications in terms of landscape planning, and its historical, cultural, and scientific interest. Due to recent urban growth, the identification of landforms in cities is difficult, particularly in Mediterranean and central European cities, characterized by more than 1000 years of urban stratification. By comparing and overlapping 19th-century cartography and modern topography from remote sensing data, this research aims to assess the morphological evolution of the city of Genoa (Liguria, NW Italy). The analysis focuses on a highly detailed 1:2’000 scale map produced by Eng. Ignazio Porro in the mid-19th century. The methodology, developed in QGIS, was applied on five case studies of both hillside and valley floor areas of the city of Genoa. Through map overlay and digitalization of elevation data and contour lines, it was possible to identify with great accuracy the most significant morphological transformations that have occurred in the city since the mid-19th century. In addition, the results were validated by direct observation and by drills data of the regional database. The results allowed the identification and quantification of the main anthropic landforms. The paper suggests that the same methodology can be applied to other historical urban contexts characterized by urban and architectural stratification. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban geomorphology; anthropogenic landforms; old maps; contour lines; Genoa urban geomorphology; anthropogenic landforms; old maps; contour lines; Genoa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Terrone, M.; Piana, P.; Paliaga, G.; D’Orazi, M.; Faccini, F. Coupling Historical Maps and LiDAR Data to Identify Man-Made Landforms in Urban Areas. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10050349

AMA Style

Terrone M, Piana P, Paliaga G, D’Orazi M, Faccini F. Coupling Historical Maps and LiDAR Data to Identify Man-Made Landforms in Urban Areas. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(5):349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10050349

Chicago/Turabian Style

Terrone, Martino, Pietro Piana, Guido Paliaga, Marco D’Orazi, and Francesco Faccini. 2021. "Coupling Historical Maps and LiDAR Data to Identify Man-Made Landforms in Urban Areas" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 5: 349. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10050349

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