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Article

Complying with Privacy Legislation: From Legal Text to Implementation of Privacy-Aware Location-Based Services

1
Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Heisenbergstrasse 2, 48161 Muenster, Germany
2
NOVA IMS Information Management School, University Nova Lisboa, 1070-312 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(11), 442; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi7110442
Received: 12 October 2018 / Revised: 5 November 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Trends in Location Based Services and Science)
An individual’s location data is very sensitive geoinformation. While its disclosure is necessary, e.g., to provide location-based services (LBS), it also facilitates deep insights into the lives of LBS users as well as various attacks on these users. Location privacy threats can be mitigated through privacy regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which was introduced recently and harmonises data privacy laws across Europe. While the GDPR is meant to protect users’ privacy, the main problem is that it does not provide explicit guidelines for designers and developers about how to build systems that comply with it. In order to bridge this gap, we systematically analysed the legal text, carried out expert interviews, and ran a nine-week-long take-home study with four developers. We particularly focused on user-facing issues, as these have received little attention compared to technical issues. Our main contributions are a list of aspects from the legal text of the GDPR that can be tackled at the user interface level and a set of guidelines on how to realise this. Our results can help service providers, designers and developers of applications dealing with location information from human users to comply with the GDPR. View Full-Text
Keywords: geographical information; location privacy; geoprivacy; general data protection regulation (GDPR); location-based services; privacy-aware systems geographical information; location privacy; geoprivacy; general data protection regulation (GDPR); location-based services; privacy-aware systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ataei, M.; Degbelo, A.; Kray, C.; Santos, V. Complying with Privacy Legislation: From Legal Text to Implementation of Privacy-Aware Location-Based Services. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 442. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi7110442

AMA Style

Ataei M, Degbelo A, Kray C, Santos V. Complying with Privacy Legislation: From Legal Text to Implementation of Privacy-Aware Location-Based Services. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2018; 7(11):442. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi7110442

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ataei, Mehrnaz, Auriol Degbelo, Christian Kray, and Vitor Santos. 2018. "Complying with Privacy Legislation: From Legal Text to Implementation of Privacy-Aware Location-Based Services" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 7, no. 11: 442. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi7110442

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