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Article

Using Flickr Geotagged Photos to Estimate Visitor Trajectories in World Heritage Cities

1
Research Group on Territorial Analysis and Tourism Studies (GRATET), Department of Geography, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C. Joanot Martorell, 15, 43480 Vila-seca, Spain
2
LoCUS Interdisciplinary Lab on Complex Urban & Regional Spatial Processes, Department of City and Regional Planning, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Av. Juan de Herrera, 4, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
tGIS Research Group, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Department of Geography, C. Profesor Aranguren s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(11), 646; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9110646
Received: 5 October 2020 / Revised: 26 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geospatial Methods in Social and Behavioral Sciences)
World tourism dynamics are in constant change, as well as they are deeply shaping the trajectories of cities. The “call effect” for having the World Heritage status has boosted tourism in many cities. The large number of visitors and the side effects, such as the overcrowding of central spaces, are arousing the need to develop and protect heritage assets. Hence, the analysis of tourist spatial behaviour is critical for tackling the needs of touristified cities correctly. In this article, individual visitor spatiotemporal trajectories are reconstructed along with the urban network using thousands of geotagged Flickr photos taken by visitors in the historic centre of the World Heritage City of Toledo (Spain). A process of trajectory reconstruction using advanced GIS techniques has been implemented. The spatial behaviour has been used to classify the tourist sites offered on the city’s official tourist map, as well as to identify the association with the land uses. Results bring new knowledge to understand visitor spatial behaviour and new visions about the influence of the urban environment and its uses on the visitor spatial behaviour. Our findings illustrate how tourist attractions and the location of mixed commercial and recreational uses shape the visitor spatial behaviour. Overflowed streets and shadow areas underexplored by visitors are pinpointed. View Full-Text
Keywords: visitor spatial behaviour; mobilities; visitor flows; urban tourism; geotagged photos; Flickr; Toledo visitor spatial behaviour; mobilities; visitor flows; urban tourism; geotagged photos; Flickr; Toledo
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MDPI and ACS Style

Domènech, A.; Mohino, I.; Moya-Gómez, B. Using Flickr Geotagged Photos to Estimate Visitor Trajectories in World Heritage Cities. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 646. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9110646

AMA Style

Domènech A, Mohino I, Moya-Gómez B. Using Flickr Geotagged Photos to Estimate Visitor Trajectories in World Heritage Cities. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020; 9(11):646. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9110646

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domènech, Antoni; Mohino, Inmaculada; Moya-Gómez, Borja. 2020. "Using Flickr Geotagged Photos to Estimate Visitor Trajectories in World Heritage Cities" ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 9, no. 11: 646. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9110646

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