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The Correlation between the Jobs–Housing Relationship and the Innovative Development of Sci-Tech Parks in New Urban Districts: A Case Study of the Hangzhou West Hi-Tech Corridor in China

by 1,2,3, 1, 4 and 1,*
1
Department of Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
International Center for Architecture & Urban Development Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
3
China Institute for New Urbanization Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
4
Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(12), 762; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120762
Received: 6 November 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
Sci-tech parks (STPs), as a key space carrier of urbanization, have transformed into comprehensive parks with mixed urban functions and advanced hi-tech industries. The jobs–housing relationship, which is closely related to the two major urban functions of work and residence, affects the efficiency of urban operation. This study focused on the correlation between the jobs–housing relationship and the innovative development of STPs, adopting the Hangzhou West Hi-Tech Corridor as a case study. Four indicators reflecting the jobs–housing balance index and commuting distance and ten indicators reflecting agglomeration degree, development scale, innovative ability, financial status, and comprehensive development level of enterprises were selected to perform partial least squares regression. The results show that the jobs–housing relationship was correlated with the innovative development of STPs. Relatively short commuting distance may promote the development and agglomeration of sci-tech enterprises. However, short average commuting distance was not necessarily good. The working space and living space needed to be mixed at an appropriate scale and distance—to be close but not too close. This study provides references for the future development of STPs and the application of mixed-use zoning in the urban spatial planning; additionally, it supports for the research and practice of industry–city integration and urbanization. View Full-Text
Keywords: jobs–housing relationship; sci-tech parks; urbanization; innovative development; the Hangzhou West Hi-Tech Corridor jobs–housing relationship; sci-tech parks; urbanization; innovative development; the Hangzhou West Hi-Tech Corridor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Y.; Yang, Y.; Chen, Q.; Xu, W. The Correlation between the Jobs–Housing Relationship and the Innovative Development of Sci-Tech Parks in New Urban Districts: A Case Study of the Hangzhou West Hi-Tech Corridor in China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 762. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120762

AMA Style

Wu Y, Yang Y, Chen Q, Xu W. The Correlation between the Jobs–Housing Relationship and the Innovative Development of Sci-Tech Parks in New Urban Districts: A Case Study of the Hangzhou West Hi-Tech Corridor in China. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020; 9(12):762. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120762

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Yue, Yue Yang, Qiuxiao Chen, and Weishun Xu. 2020. "The Correlation between the Jobs–Housing Relationship and the Innovative Development of Sci-Tech Parks in New Urban Districts: A Case Study of the Hangzhou West Hi-Tech Corridor in China" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 9, no. 12: 762. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120762

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