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Article

Local Segregation of Realised Niches in Lizards

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CICGE, Centro de Investigação em Ciências Geo-Espaciais, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Alameda do Monte da Virgem, 4430-146 Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
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CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Campus de Vairão, Universidade do Porto, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, Vila do Conde, 7 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal
3
Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(12), 764; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120764
Received: 28 October 2020 / Revised: 17 December 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of GIS for Biodiversity Research)
Species can occupy different realised niches when sharing the space with other congeneric species or when living in allopatry. Ecological niche models are powerful tools to analyse species niches and their changes over time and space. Analysing how species’ realised niches shift is paramount in ecology. Here, we examine the ecological realised niche of three species of wall lizards in six study areas: three areas where each species occurs alone; and three areas where they occur together in pairs. We compared the species’ realised niches and how they vary depending on species’ coexistence, by quantifying niche overlap between pairs of species or populations with the R package ecospat. For this, we considered three environmental variables (temperature, humidity, and wind speed) recorded at each lizard re-sighting location. Realised niches were very similar when comparing syntopic species occurring in the same study area. However, realised niches differed when comparing conspecific populations across areas. In each of the three areas of syntopy, the less abundant species shift its realised niche. Our study demonstrates that sympatry may shift species’ realised niche. View Full-Text
Keywords: Iberian peninsula; niche conservatism; reptiles; R package ecospat; spatial segregation Iberian peninsula; niche conservatism; reptiles; R package ecospat; spatial segregation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sillero, N.; Argaña, E.; Matos, C.; Franch, M.; Kaliontzopoulou, A.; Carretero, M.A. Local Segregation of Realised Niches in Lizards. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 764. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120764

AMA Style

Sillero N, Argaña E, Matos C, Franch M, Kaliontzopoulou A, Carretero MA. Local Segregation of Realised Niches in Lizards. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020; 9(12):764. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120764

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sillero, Neftalí, Elena Argaña, Cátia Matos, Marc Franch, Antigoni Kaliontzopoulou, and Miguel A. Carretero 2020. "Local Segregation of Realised Niches in Lizards" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 9, no. 12: 764. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9120764

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