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Article

Spatial Analysis of Settlement Structures to Identify Pattern Formation Mechanisms in Inter-Urban Systems

Chair of Fluid Systems, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Otto-Berndt-Straße 2, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(9), 541; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9090541
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 2 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geodata Science and Spatial Analysis in Urban Studies)
Dissipative structures known from non-equilibrium thermodynamics can form patterns. Cities are regarded as open, dissipative structures due to their self-organisation and thus in theory are also capable of pattern formation. In a first step to understand similarities between nonlinear pattern formation and inter-urban systems, we investigate how inter-urban structures are arranged. We use data from the Global Urban Footprint to identify spatial regularities in seven regions (Argentina, China, Egypt, France, India, Ghana and USA) and to quantitatively describe settlement patterns by number of objects and density. We find that small areas of the examined data sets show a regular arrangement, the density and number of settlements differ widely between the different regions and the portion of regular areas within this regions strongly correlates with these two parameters. The results can be used to develop mathematical models that describe inter-urban pattern formation on the one hand and to investigate to what extent the respective settlement patterns are related to infrastructural, economic or political boundary conditions on the other. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial analysis; pattern formation; urban modelling; settlement pattern; remote sensing spatial analysis; pattern formation; urban modelling; settlement pattern; remote sensing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Henn, K.; Friesen, J.; Hartig, J.; Pelz, P.F. Spatial Analysis of Settlement Structures to Identify Pattern Formation Mechanisms in Inter-Urban Systems. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 541. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9090541

AMA Style

Henn K, Friesen J, Hartig J, Pelz PF. Spatial Analysis of Settlement Structures to Identify Pattern Formation Mechanisms in Inter-Urban Systems. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020; 9(9):541. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9090541

Chicago/Turabian Style

Henn, Katharina, John Friesen, Jakob Hartig, and Peter F. Pelz 2020. "Spatial Analysis of Settlement Structures to Identify Pattern Formation Mechanisms in Inter-Urban Systems" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 9, no. 9: 541. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9090541

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