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Article

Divergent Sensitivities of Spaceborne Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence to Drought among Different Seasons and Regions

1
School of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276800, China
2
Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
National Satellite Meteorological Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(9), 542; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9090542
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 2 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 9 September 2020
As a newly emerging satellite form of data, solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) provides a direct measurement of photosynthetic activity. The potential of SIF for drought assessment in different grassland ecosystems is not yet clear. In this study, the correlations between spaceborne SIF and nine drought indices were evaluated. Standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) at a 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 month scale, Palmer drought severity index (PDSI), soil moisture, temperature condition index (TCI), and vapor pressure deficit (VPD) were evaluated. The relationships between different grassland types and different seasons were compared, and the driving forces affecting the sensitivity of SIF to drought were explored. We found that the correlations between SIF and drought indices were different for temperate grasslands and alpine grasslands. The correlation coefficients between SIF and soil moisture were the highest (the mean value was 0.72 for temperate grasslands and 0.69 for alpine grasslands), followed by SPEI and PDSI at a three month scale, and the correlation coefficient between SIF and TCI was the lowest (the mean value was 0.38 for both temperate and alpine grasslands). Spaceborne SIF is more effective for drought monitoring during the peak period of the growing season (July and August). Temperature and radiation are important factors affecting the sensitivity of SIF to drought. The results from this study demonstrated the importance of SIF in drought monitoring especially for temperate grasslands in the peak growing season. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar-induced fluorescence; drought; temperate and alpine grassland solar-induced fluorescence; drought; temperate and alpine grassland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, X.; Wang, M.; Li, G.; Wang, J.; Fan, Z. Divergent Sensitivities of Spaceborne Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence to Drought among Different Seasons and Regions. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 542. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9090542

AMA Style

Sun X, Wang M, Li G, Wang J, Fan Z. Divergent Sensitivities of Spaceborne Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence to Drought among Different Seasons and Regions. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020; 9(9):542. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9090542

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Xiaofang, Meng Wang, Guicai Li, Junbang Wang, and Zemeng Fan. 2020. "Divergent Sensitivities of Spaceborne Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence to Drought among Different Seasons and Regions" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 9, no. 9: 542. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9090542

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