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Article

Band Phosphorus and Sulfur Fertilization as Drivers of Efficient Management of Nitrogen of Maize (Zea mays L.)

1
Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Biogeochemistry, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71F, 60-625 Poznan, Poland
2
Department of Nutrition Management, Crop Research Institute, Drnovská 507, Ruzyně, 161-01 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dimitris L. Bouranis
Received: 20 May 2022 / Revised: 15 June 2022 / Accepted: 20 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
Increasing the efficiency of nitrogen use (NUE) from mineral fertilizers is one of the most important priorities of modern agriculture. The objectives of the present study were to assess the role of different nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and sulfur (S) rates on maize grain yield (GY), crop residue biomass, NUE indices, N concentration in plants during the growing season, N management indices and to select the most suitable set of NUE indicators. The following factors were tested: band application of di-ammonium phosphate and ammonium sulphate mixture (NPS fertilizer at rates 0, 8.7, 17.4, 26.2 kg ha−1 of P) and different total N rates (0, 60, 120, 180 kg ha−1 of N). In each year of the study, a clear trend of increased GY after NP(S) band application was observed. A particularly positive influence of that factor was confirmed at the lowest level of N fertilization. On average, the highest GY values were obtained for N2P3 and N3P1 treatments. The total N uptake and NUE indices also increased after the band application. In addition, a trend of improved N remobilization efficiency and the N contribution of remobilized N to grain as a result of band application of NP(S) was observed. Among various NUE indices, internal N utilization efficiency (IE) exhibited the strongest, yet negative, correlation with GY, whereas IE was a function of the N harvest index. View Full-Text
Keywords: agronomic efficiency; nitrogen gap; nitrogen remobilization efficiency; partial factor productivity; plant nutrient diagnosis; starter fertilization agronomic efficiency; nitrogen gap; nitrogen remobilization efficiency; partial factor productivity; plant nutrient diagnosis; starter fertilization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barłóg, P.; Łukowiak, R.; Hlisnikovský, L. Band Phosphorus and Sulfur Fertilization as Drivers of Efficient Management of Nitrogen of Maize (Zea mays L.). Plants 2022, 11, 1660. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/plants11131660

AMA Style

Barłóg P, Łukowiak R, Hlisnikovský L. Band Phosphorus and Sulfur Fertilization as Drivers of Efficient Management of Nitrogen of Maize (Zea mays L.). Plants. 2022; 11(13):1660. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/plants11131660

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barłóg, Przemysław, Remigiusz Łukowiak, and Lukáš Hlisnikovský. 2022. "Band Phosphorus and Sulfur Fertilization as Drivers of Efficient Management of Nitrogen of Maize (Zea mays L.)" Plants 11, no. 13: 1660. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/plants11131660

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