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Article

Racial/Ethnic Health Disparity in the U.S.: A Decomposition Analysis

Department of Economics, University at Albany—SUNY, Albany, NY 12222, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: In Choi
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 6 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Econometrics)
Following recent econometric developments, we use self-assessed general health on a Likert scale conditioned by several objective determinants to measure health disparity between non-Hispanic Whites and minority groups in the United States. A statistical decomposition analysis is conducted to determine the contributions of socio-demographic and neighborhood characteristics in generating disparities. Whereas, 72% of health disparity between Whites and Blacks is attributable to Blacks’ relatively worse socio-economic and demographic characteristics, it is only 50% for Hispanics and 65% for American Indian Alaska Natives. The role of a number of factors including per capita income and income inequality vary across the groups. Interestingly, “blackness” of a county is associated with better health for all minority groups, but it affects Whites negatively. Our findings suggest that public health initiatives to eliminate health disparity should be targeted differently for different racial/ethnic groups by focusing on the most vulnerable within each group. View Full-Text
Keywords: heteroskedastic ordered probit; BRFSS data; Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition; racial/ethnic discrimination; college education heteroskedastic ordered probit; BRFSS data; Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition; racial/ethnic discrimination; college education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lahiri, K.; Pulungan, Z. Racial/Ethnic Health Disparity in the U.S.: A Decomposition Analysis. Econometrics 2021, 9, 22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/econometrics9020022

AMA Style

Lahiri K, Pulungan Z. Racial/Ethnic Health Disparity in the U.S.: A Decomposition Analysis. Econometrics. 2021; 9(2):22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/econometrics9020022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lahiri, Kajal, and Zulkarnain Pulungan. 2021. "Racial/Ethnic Health Disparity in the U.S.: A Decomposition Analysis" Econometrics 9, no. 2: 22. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/econometrics9020022

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