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Review

Post-Processing of 3D-Printed Polymers

1
DR3AM Center, Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga 2100, Philippines
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering and Architecture, Bataan Peninsula State University, City of Balanga 2100, Philippines
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Secondary Education Department, College of Education, Pangasinan State University, Asingan 2439, Philippines
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Natural Science Department, College of Arts, Sciences and Letters, Lingayen Campus, Pangasinan State University, Lingayen 2401, Philippines
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Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Joint Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
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Center for Nanophase Materials and Sciences (CNMS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA
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Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Haijun Gong
Received: 19 June 2021 / Revised: 2 August 2021 / Accepted: 3 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing: Principles and Applications)
Additive manufacturing, commonly known as 3D printing, is an advancement over traditional formative manufacturing methods. It can increase efficiency in manufacturing operations highlighting advantages such as rapid prototyping, reduction of waste, reduction of manufacturing time and cost, and increased flexibility in a production setting. The additive manufacturing (AM) process consists of five steps: (1) preparation of 3D models for printing (designing the part/object), (2) conversion to STL file, (3) slicing and setting of 3D printing parameters, (4) actual printing, and (5) finishing/post-processing methods. Very often, the 3D printed part is sufficient by itself without further post-printing processing. However, many applications still require some forms of post-processing, especially those for industrial applications. This review focuses on the importance of different finishing/post-processing methods for 3D-printed polymers. Different 3D printing technologies and materials are considered in presenting the authors’ perspective. The advantages and disadvantages of using these methods are also discussed together with the cost and time in doing the post-processing activities. Lastly, this review also includes discussions on the enhancement of properties such as electrical, mechanical, and chemical, and other characteristics such as geometrical precision, durability, surface properties, and aesthetic value with post-printing processing. Future perspectives is also provided towards the end of this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D printing; additive manufacturing; post-processing; polymers; properties 3D printing; additive manufacturing; post-processing; polymers; properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dizon, J.R.C.; Gache, C.C.L.; Cascolan, H.M.S.; Cancino, L.T.; Advincula, R.C. Post-Processing of 3D-Printed Polymers. Technologies 2021, 9, 61. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/technologies9030061

AMA Style

Dizon JRC, Gache CCL, Cascolan HMS, Cancino LT, Advincula RC. Post-Processing of 3D-Printed Polymers. Technologies. 2021; 9(3):61. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/technologies9030061

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dizon, John R.C., Ciara C.L. Gache, Honelly M.S. Cascolan, Lina T. Cancino, and Rigoberto C. Advincula 2021. "Post-Processing of 3D-Printed Polymers" Technologies 9, no. 3: 61. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/technologies9030061

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