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Article

Comparison of Clinical, Pathological, and Procedural Characteristics of Adult and Pediatric Acute Appendicitis before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Department of Surgery, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Varaždin General Hospital, Ul. Ivana Meštrovića 1, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia
4
Institute of Emergency Medicine of the City of Zagreb, Heinzlova 88, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Submission received: 21 April 2024 / Revised: 23 May 2024 / Accepted: 24 May 2024 / Published: 25 May 2024

Abstract

Background: This study aims to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the clinical, pathological, and surgical characteristics of acute appendicitis (AA) at the University Hospital Centre (UHC) Zagreb. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed demographic, clinical, and surgical data from consecutive AA patients. Data were collected from an electronic database for two periods: 1 January to 31 December 2019 (pre-COVID-19), and 11 March 2020, to 11 March 2021 (COVID-19 pandemic). Results: During the two study periods, 855 appendectomies were performed, 427 in the pre-pandemic, and 428 during the pandemic. Demographic data were comparable between groups. There was statistically no significant difference in the type of appendectomy (p = 0.33) and the median hospital length of stay (3; (2–5) days, p = 0.08). There was an increase in the conversion rate during the pandemic period (4.2% vs. 7.7%, p = 0.03). The negative appendectomy rate and the incidence of perforated AA did not differ significantly (p = 0.34 for both). Conclusions: We did not observe a significant increase in the rate of AA complications during the COVID-19 pandemic at the UHC Zagreb. This may be attributed to two factors: (1) AA was diagnosed and treated as an emergency, which remained available during the pandemic, and (2) diagnostic and therapeutic protocols remained unaltered. We recommend a laparoscopic approach even during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: acute abdomen; acute appendicitis; appendectomy; COVID-19 pandemic acute abdomen; acute appendicitis; appendectomy; COVID-19 pandemic

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MDPI and ACS Style

Augustin, G.; Žedelj, J.; Jeričević, K.; Knez, N. Comparison of Clinical, Pathological, and Procedural Characteristics of Adult and Pediatric Acute Appendicitis before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Children 2024, 11, 641. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children11060641

AMA Style

Augustin G, Žedelj J, Jeričević K, Knez N. Comparison of Clinical, Pathological, and Procedural Characteristics of Adult and Pediatric Acute Appendicitis before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Children. 2024; 11(6):641. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children11060641

Chicago/Turabian Style

Augustin, Goran, Jurica Žedelj, Karmen Jeričević, and Nora Knez. 2024. "Comparison of Clinical, Pathological, and Procedural Characteristics of Adult and Pediatric Acute Appendicitis before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic" Children 11, no. 6: 641. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children11060641

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