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Article

Trunk Lateral Flexor Endurance and Body Fat: Predictive Risk Factors for Low Back Pain in Child Equestrian Athletes

1
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, University of Murcia, 30720 Murcia, Spain
2
Sports and Musculoskeletal System Research Group (RAQUIS), Campus de San Javier, University of Murcia, 30720 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Surgery, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 30 September 2020 / Accepted: 2 October 2020 / Published: 9 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Exercise on Children Physical Development)
Low back pain (LBP) is the most common overuse musculoskeletal injury suffered by child equestrian athletes (CEA). Despite this, little is known about the risk factors related to LBP in these athletes, and very limited research has been conducted on this topic. This study was designed to investigate predictive risk factors for LBP in CEA. The purposes of this research were to determine whether anthropometric, range of motion (ROM), core endurance and sagittal spinal morphotype measures are risk factors for LBP and to establish a diagnostic cutoff value for those factors associated with LBP. Nineteen CEA between the ages of 12 and 17 years were voluntarily recruited. Potential risk factors evaluated included corporal composition, lower limb ROM, core endurance and sagittal spinal measures. Associations and predictions were calculated between these risk factors and the LBP during the last 12 months. Almost half of the CEA have suffered at least one episode of LBP. Two risk factors and cutoff values were identified as predictors of LBP in CEA: having a high body fat higher than 23% (p = 0.01) and trunk lateral flexor endurance lower to 65 s (p = 0.021), body fat being the strongest predictor. View Full-Text
Keywords: horse riding; asymmetry; equestrian injury; back pain; young equestrian athletes horse riding; asymmetry; equestrian injury; back pain; young equestrian athletes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cejudo, A.; Ginés-Díaz, A.; Rodríguez-Ferrán, O.; Santonja-Medina, F.; Sainz de Baranda, P. Trunk Lateral Flexor Endurance and Body Fat: Predictive Risk Factors for Low Back Pain in Child Equestrian Athletes. Children 2020, 7, 172. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7100172

AMA Style

Cejudo A, Ginés-Díaz A, Rodríguez-Ferrán O, Santonja-Medina F, Sainz de Baranda P. Trunk Lateral Flexor Endurance and Body Fat: Predictive Risk Factors for Low Back Pain in Child Equestrian Athletes. Children. 2020; 7(10):172. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7100172

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cejudo, Antonio, Angélica Ginés-Díaz, Olga Rodríguez-Ferrán, Fernando Santonja-Medina, and Pilar Sainz de Baranda. 2020. "Trunk Lateral Flexor Endurance and Body Fat: Predictive Risk Factors for Low Back Pain in Child Equestrian Athletes" Children 7, no. 10: 172. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7100172

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