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Article

A Validation and Cost-Analysis Study of a Targeted School-Based Dental Check-Up Intervention: Children’s Dental Program

1
Deakin Health Economics, Institute of Health Transformation, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, VIC 3216, Australia
2
Community Dental Program, Peninsula Health, Frankston, VIC 3199, Australia
3
Coburg Hill Oral Care, Coburg North, VIC 3058, Australia
4
Dentistry and Oral Health, La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3552, Australia
5
Centre for Oral Health Outcomes & Research Translation (COHORT), School of Nursing & Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW 2751, Australia
6
Dental Health Services Victoria, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
7
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 October 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 23 November 2020 / Published: 26 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health Promotion in Paediatric Population)
Background: Limited evidence exists to inform best practice approaches to implement school-based dental screening to address child retention via referral for dental services. This research tested the null hypothesis that a targeted school-based dental check-up program (intervention) has a 75% child retention rate for public dental care (H0 = 0.75). Methods: A prospective non-randomised controlled trial was conducted with a convenience sampling approach in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Children in the intervention group were recruited from two preschools and two primary schools from a low socioeconomic area. Children in the standard care group were recruited from the local public dental service. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata IC Version 12. Results: Children in the intervention (45%) were significantly less likely to have never had a dental check-up compared to standard care (20%) (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference for the child retention rate for the intervention group when compared against the null hypothesis (p = 0.954). The total society costs were AU$754.7 and AU$612.2 for the intervention and standard care groups, respectively (p = 0.049). Conclusions: This validation study provides evidence that a targeted school-based dental check-up program can achieve a 75% child retention rate and should be considered for program expansion. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental care for children; school health services; oral health; preventive health services; costs and cost analysis dental care for children; school health services; oral health; preventive health services; costs and cost analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, T.M.; Christian, B.; Koshy, S.; Morgan, M.V. A Validation and Cost-Analysis Study of a Targeted School-Based Dental Check-Up Intervention: Children’s Dental Program. Children 2020, 7, 257. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120257

AMA Style

Nguyen TM, Christian B, Koshy S, Morgan MV. A Validation and Cost-Analysis Study of a Targeted School-Based Dental Check-Up Intervention: Children’s Dental Program. Children. 2020; 7(12):257. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120257

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguyen, Tan M., Bradley Christian, Sajeev Koshy, and Michael V. Morgan 2020. "A Validation and Cost-Analysis Study of a Targeted School-Based Dental Check-Up Intervention: Children’s Dental Program" Children 7, no. 12: 257. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120257

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