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Review

Correlation between Malocclusion and Allergic Rhinitis in Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Milan, 20100 Milan, Italy
2
Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20100 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Caries and Oral Health in Children)
Background: Oral breathing, nasal obstruction and airway space reduction are usually reported as associated to allergic rhinitis. They have been linked to altered facial patterns and dento-skeletal changes. However, no firm correlation based on the evidence has been established. This systematic review has been undertaken to evaluate the available evidence between malocclusion and allergic rhinitis in pediatric patients. Methods: The research refers to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidelines, databases (Medline, Cochrane Library, Pubmed, Embase and Google Scholar) were screened, the quality was evaluated through Quality Assessment of Diagnosfic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2). Results: The articles selected (6 out of initial 1782) were divided on the basis of the study design: two observational randomized study, three case–control study, one descriptive cross-sectional study, and one longitudinal study. A total of 2188 patients were considered. Different results were reported as related to allergic rhinitis ranging from a higher incidence of dental malocclusion, to an increase of palatal depth, and in posterior cross-bite about anterior open-bite and to longer faces and shorter maxillas. Conclusions: Most of the studies selected found a rise in the prevalence of both malocclusion and allergic rhinitis in children. However, the level of bias is high, impaired by a poor design and no conclusive evidence can be drawn. View Full-Text
Keywords: allergic; malocclusion/pathology; mouth breathing/pathology; rhinitis allergic; malocclusion/pathology; mouth breathing/pathology; rhinitis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Farronato, M.; Lanteri, V.; Fama, A.; Maspero, C. Correlation between Malocclusion and Allergic Rhinitis in Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review. Children 2020, 7, 260. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120260

AMA Style

Farronato M, Lanteri V, Fama A, Maspero C. Correlation between Malocclusion and Allergic Rhinitis in Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review. Children. 2020; 7(12):260. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120260

Chicago/Turabian Style

Farronato, Marco, Valentina Lanteri, Andrea Fama, and Cinzia Maspero. 2020. "Correlation between Malocclusion and Allergic Rhinitis in Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review" Children 7, no. 12: 260. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120260

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